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Stack #2161255

define incomplete dominance when 2 alleles don't mask each other
define sex-linked trait usually carried on x chromosomes
define mutation change in DNA
define chromosome mutations changes in structure of the chromosome or is a loss of an entire chromosome
define deletion a piece of chromosome breaks off
define inversion a piece of chromosome breaks off and reattaches itself in opposite direction
define translocation a piece of chromosome breaks off and reattaches itself to a non homologous chromosome
define nondisjunction replicated chromosomes do not break apart so one cell has an extra chromosome and one cell has one less
what are the examples of nondisjunction Downs syndrome, Turners syndrome, XYY, Kinefelters, Polygenetic traits
what is Downs Syndrome a person has an extra 21st chromosome
what is Kinefelters mentally challenged
what is Turners syndrome immature physical development
what is XYY linked men to violent crimes
what is polygenetic traits controlled by more than 1 gene
what are the 4 roles of nondisjunction how traits are inherited, explain characteristics, determine probability, use pedigrees and karyotypes
3 characteristics of karyotype pictures of chromosomes, identifying nondisjunction, can see extra or missing chromosome
define amniocentesis insert a large needle into uterus and remove amniotic fluid
define fetoscopy insert a camera or surgical tools
define ultrasound bounce sound waves to produce an image
define pedigree a record that traces how a trait is inherited
what is a gene transfer insert genetic material into virus which takes it to body cells and attacks them
define genetic engineering insert DNA from one organism to another
Created by: 17lmccaughey