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Mr. Rabideau's 10th grade government class vocab

amnesty a blanket pardon offered to a group of law violators
apportioned distribute, as in seats in a legislative body
at-large election election of an office holder by the voters of an entire governmental unit, rather than by the voters of a district or subdivision
balance the ticket when a presidential candidate chooses a running mate who can strengthen his chance of being elected by virtue of certian ideological,geographic,racial,ethnic,gender,or other characteristics
bureaucrat a person who works for a bureaucratic organization
chief administrator term for the president as head of the administration of the federal government
chief citizen term for the president as the representative of the people, working for the public interest
chief diplomat term for the president as the main architect of foreign policy and spokesperson to other countries
chief executive term for the president as vested with the executive power of the U.S.
chief legislator term for the president as architect of public policy and the one who sets the agenda for congress
chief of state term for the president as the ceremonial head of the U.S. the symbol of all the people of the nation
clemency mercy or leniency granted to an offender by a chief executive
coalition a temporary alliance of several groups who come together to form a working majority and so to control a government
commander in chief term for the president as commander of the nations armed forces
commutation the power to reduce the length of a sentence or fine for a crime
discharge petition a procedure enabeling members to force a bill that has been pigeonholed in committee onto the floor for consideration
electoral college group of persons chosen in each state and the district of columbia every four years, who make a formal selection of the president and vice president
electorate all of the people entitled to vote in a given election
executive agreement a pact made by the president directly with the head of a foreign state; a binding international agreement with the force of law but which does not require senate consent
executive article article II of the constitution. Established the presidency and gives the executive power of the federal government to the president
executive office of the president an organization of several agencies staffed bu the Presidents closest advisors
executive order directive, rule, or regulation issued by a chief executive or subordinates, based upon constitutional or statutory authority, and having the force of law
filibuster various tactics aimed at defeating a bill in a legislative body by preventing a final vote
gerrymandered the drawing of electoral district lines to the advantage of a party or group
government corporation corporations within the executive branch subject to the presidents direction and control, setup by congress to carry out certain business-like activities
independent executive agencies agencies headed by a single administrator with regional subunits, but lacking cabinet status
independent regulatory commissions independent agencies designed to regulate important aspects of the nations economy, largely beyond the reach of the presidents control
keynote address speech given at a party convention to set the tone for the convention and the campaign to come
pardon release from the punishment or legal consequences of a crime by the President(federal) or governor(state)
partisanship government action based on firm allegiance to a political party
party caucus a closed meeting of a partys House or Senate members, also called a party conference
patronage the practice of giving jobs to supporters and friends
persona non grata an unwelcome person, used to describe recalled diplomatic officials
platform a political partys formmal statement of basic principles, stands on major issues and objectives
precint the smallest unit of election administration, a voting district
presidential electors a person elected by the voters to represent them in making a formal selection of the vice president and president
presidential primary an election in which a partys voters 1)choose state party organizations delegates to their partys national convention and 2)express a preference for their party's presidential nomination
presidential succession scheme by which a presidential vacancy is filled
proportional representation a rule applied in democratic primaries where by any candidate who wins at least 15% of the votes gets the number of state democratic convention delegates based on his/her share of that primary vote
quorum least number of members who must be present for a legislative body to conduct business; majority
reapportion redistribute, as in seats in a legislative body
recognition the exclusive power of a president to recognize foreign states
register a record or list of names, often kept by an official appointed to do so
reprieve an official postponement of the execution of a sentence
resolution a measure relating to the business of either house, or expression an opinion; does not have the force of law and does not require the presidents signature
rider unpopular provision added onto an important bill certain to pass so that it will "ride" through the legislative process
secretary an official in charge of a department of government
session period of time during which, each year,, congress assembles and conducts business
single-issue parties parties that concentrate on only one public policy matter
single member district electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each elected office
special session an extraordinary session of a legislative body, called to deal with an emergency
splinter parties parties that have split away from one of the major parties
term two year period of time during which congress meets
treaty a formal agreement between two or more soverign states
winner-take-all an almost obsolete system where by a presidential aspirant who won the preference vote in a primary automatically won all delegates chosen in the primary
Created by: diver_girl2011



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