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Nutrition

Quizz 2

QuestionAnswer
Hunger is best described as a physiological desire to consume food.
The human body is organized into the following structural levels (smallest to largest) atoms, molecules, cells, tissues, organs, systems
The term used to describe the process in which foods are broken down into their component molecules is a digestion
The chemical environment of the stomach is very acidic
Bob eats his breakfast, and his GI tract will now begin the process of digesting and absorbing the nutrients from this meal. What is the order in which each of the organs of the GI tract will work to achieve this process? mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine
What is chyme? mixture of partially digested food, water, and gastric juices
Which of the following would NOT be recommended for the treatment of GERD? eating 2 large meals a day
Mechanical digestion begins in the mouth
A painful sensation in the chest that results from gastric juices seeping back up into the esophagus is called gastroesophageal reflux (GERD)
What is the primary cause of peptic ulcers? Helicobacter pylori
The conversion of the digested mass of food into feces occurs in the large intestine
Which of the following is an example of the central nervous system's role in digestion? Swallowing a morsel of food triggers peristalsis
Peristalsis that begins in the small intestine and surges upwards results in vomiting
Which of the following is known as a "hunger hormone"? ghrelin
Carbohydrates contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Which of the following would be a good snack choice for someone trying to reduce sugar intake? unsweetened dried cranberries
Which of the following enzymes if found in the mouth? salivary amylase
Which of the following are the preferred fuels for MOST body functions? carbohydrate and fat
After a meal, which hormone is responsible for moving glucose into the body's cells? glucagon
A diet low in fiber is associated with an increased risk of developing diverticulosis
Which of the following is NOT a health problem related to eating too much sugar? hyperactivity in children
Meat is NOT a good dietary source of glycogen. Why? Glycogen is resistant to intestinal enzymes and cannot be broken down by the human digestive tract
The term "enriched" on a food label signifies that the nutrients in the food were lost during processing and then added back in
Aspartame cannot be used to prepare cooked foods because heat destroys its flavor
In the diet, the nondigestible parts of plants that form the support structures of leaves, stems, and seeds are known as functional fiber
A condition marked by blood glucose levels that are below normal levels is type 1 diabetes
Which of the following types of bread contains the most fiber? 1 slice of whole-wheat bread
Whole-grain flours are rich sources of fiber because they retain the grains bran, endosperm,and germ
The primary energy source used by the body during intense exercise is fat
Foods in which nutrients are added that did not originally exist in that food are known are fortified
Created by: agordon57