Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Biotechnology Ch 13

Genetic engineering Technology that involves manipulating the DNA of one organism in order to insert exogenous DNA (DNA from another organism)
Genome The total DNA present in the nucleus of each cell of an organism
Restriction enzymes Proteins that recognize and bind to specific DNA sequences and cleave the DNA within that sequence.
gel electrophoresis A process in which an electric current is used to separate DNA fragments according to the size of the fragments.
Recombinant DNA A generated DNA molecule with DNA from different sources
DNA ligase an enzyme that joins two DNA fragments chemically. It joins fragments with sticky ends or blunt ends.
Plasmids small, circular, double stranded DNA molecules that occur naturally in bacteria and yeast that are used as vectors (cut with enzymes and DNA inserted)
Transformation A process in which bacterial cells take up recombinant plasmid DNA
Cloning Process in which large numbers of identical recombinant DNA molecules are produced. (copies of DNA using a plasmid vector)
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) A technique that makes millions of copies of a specific region of a DNA fragment (amplification of DNA without using recombinant DNA vector)
Transgenic organisms Organisms such as plants, animals or bacteria that have been genetically engineered by inserting a gene from another organism.
DNA fingerprinting Separating DNA fragments using gel electrophoresis to observe distinct banding patterns that are unique to every individual.
Bioinformatics A field of study that creates and maintains databases of biological information for analysis
DNA miocroarrays Silicon chips or microscope slides with DNA fragments that allow many genes in a genome to be studied at once.
Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) Single nucleotide substitutions that occur in more than 1% of the population. SNPs occurring within a gene create different alleles. SNPs can occur in noncoding regions.
Haplotypes Regions of linked variations in the human genome that tend to be inherited together
Pharmacogenomics The study of how genetic inheritance affects the body's response to drugs
Gene therapy A technique aimed at correcting mutated genes that cause human diseases.
Genomics The study of an organism's genome
Proteomics The large-scale study and cataloging of the structure and function of proteins in the human body.
Created by: jhaase



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards