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Ch 6

The Solar System and Beyond

QuestionAnswer
What type of galaxy is the Milky Way? spiral
What is the name of our galaxy? Milky Way
What is the farthest planet from the Sun? Neptune
Which planet has a strong greenhouse effect? Venus
Which planet is red? Mars
Which planet is the largest? Jupiter
Which planet has the strongest winds? Neptune
What is the visible part of the Sun? Photosphere
What is the brightness of a star as you see it in the night sky? apparent magnitude
After the big bang, galaxies formed from what force? gravity
The apparent shift of an object's location when viewed from two positions is called? parallax
In an H-R diagram what is being compared? magnitude and temperature
What color are the hottest stars? blue
What is the theory that a an explosion happened in space to create the universe? big bang
What is a football-shaped galaxy with no spirals and very little dust? elliptical
What is a large group of stars held together by gravity called? galaxy
What is a number of stars that form a pattern called? constellation
What is an enormous cloud of gas and dust called? nebula
What is a star that explodes called? supernova
What is an object whose gravity is so strong that even light cannot escape? black hole
What is a large hot ball of gas held together by gravity that gives off its own light? star
What is a small asteroid called? meteoroid
What is a ball of rock and ice that orbits the Sun? comet
What is a meteoroid that enters Earth's atmosphere? meteor
What is any part of a meteoroid that reaches Earth's surface? meteorite
What is the Sun and all bodies traveling around it? solar system
What are large bodies orbiting a star? planets
What are rocky, metallic objects that orbit the Sun that are too small to be considered planets? asteroids
The path a planet or asteroid takes as it travels around the Sun? orbit
What is the planet that looks like it was knocked on its side? Uranus
Created by: mklein51