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chapter 4

TermDefinition
Criminal law one of two general types of law practiced in the law.
Penal code although crime is committed against individuals it's considered offense against the state
Tort A violation of civil law and is considered a private manner
Civil law includes law the law of contracts and property as well as subjects such such as administrative law
Substantive law body of law that defines criminal offenses and their penalties
Procedural law sometimes called "adjective or remedial law" governs the way substantive laws are to be administered
Due process of law rights of people suspected of or charged with crimes
Politicality refers to the legitimate source of criminal law only violations of rules made by state
Specificity refers to scope of criminal law. although civil law may be general in scope
Regularity is the applicability of the criminal law to all persons ideally anyone who commits a crime is answerable to it
Uniformity refers to the way in which the criminal should be enforced administered without regard for the social status of person who has committed crime or accused
Penal sanction principle that violators will be will be punished or at least threatened with punishment by state
Precedent deciding the outcomes of similar cases in the future
stare decides principle of using precedents to guide future decisions in court cases Latin for "to stand by decided cases"
Searches explorations or inspections, by law enforcement officers , of homes, premises vehicle
seizures the taking of persons or property into custody in response to violations of criminal law
warrant a written order from a court directing law enforcement officers to conduct a search or to arrest a person
arrest the seizure of a person or the taking of a person into custody,either actual or physical custody
Created by: _luhsydd