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Exam #1

Aborigines the native people/ indigenous peoples of Austrailia
Accent an emphasized beat
Aerophone instruments that require to produce sound (flutes, reeds, trumpets, and bellows-driven instruments)
Adhan the Islamic call to prayer
Alap the opening, freely rhythmic period of period of improvisation of raga performance in Indian classical music
Animism the belief that everything has a spirit
Aradhana a South Indian festival
Bols mnemonic syllables corresponding to drum strokes in Indian drumming traditions
Carnatic (Karnatak) a term referring to the cultural traditions of South India
Caste system a system of social organization based on hereditary status found in India that is very oppressive
Chordophone stringed instruments (lutes, zithers, harps, lyres)
Dastgah a mode or system of rules and expectations for composition and improvisation in Persian classical music
Dervish Turkish word literally meaning "beggar", but often used to refer to Sufi Muslims
Dreamtime a term describing the Australian aboriginal spiritual belief system and concept of creation
Didgeridu a long trumpet made from a hollowed tree branch played by aborigines from Australia
Free rhythm music with no regular pulsation
Gat the composed section of instrumental performance in Indian classical music
Guru a teacher or spiritual guide, primarily associated with Hindu traditions from India
Hajj the Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Hinduism a major religious and cultural tradition of South Asia, developed from Vedic religion
Hindustani a term referring to the cultural traditions of northern India
Idiophone instruments that vibrate themselves to produce sound, such as rattles, bells, and other kinds of percussion
Kanun a plucked zither used in Turkish and Arabic music traditions
Kriti a genre of devotional Hindu poetry from South India
Melodic contour the general direction and shape of a melody
Melodic rhythm the rhythm of a melody
Lamellophone a type of idiophone that uses vibrating "lamellae" or strips of material, usually metal, to produce sound
Mosque a house of worship for Islamic believers
Muezzin a person who calls Islamic believers to worship five times a day
Minaret the tall tower of a mosque, used for the Islamic call to prayer
Mhirab a small "niche" or focal point found in a mosque, used to orient Islamic worshipers in the direction of Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Mridangam a barrel-shaped drum form India
Melismatic vocals that have multiple pitches per syllable
Ney a vertical flute found in Turkish and Arabic music traditions
Nomadic people who move around for food and resources
Raga a mode or system of rules and expectations for composition and improvisation in Indian classical music
Ravi Shankar a famous musician and composer from India
Santur a hammered zither from the Persian classical tradition
Sarod a FRETTLESS plucked lute from Turkey
Shishya musical disciple
Sitar a FRETTED plucked lute from India
Sufi Dhikir the mystical branch of Islam; a ritual commonly performed by Sufi Muslims in which believers chant the names of Allah with the goal of entering a spiritually ecstatic state
Susap a mouth harp (lamellophone) from Papua New Guinea
Syllabic vocals where only one pitch is sung per syllable
Tabla a pair of drums found in Hindustani music from India
Takht Ensemble a type of instrumental ensemble found in Arabic music tradtions
Tala rhythmic framework found in raga performance in India
Tambura a round-bodied lute used to provide the "drone" element in Indian classical music
Totemism a belief in which either each human, or each group of humans (e.g., a clan or tribe) is thought to have a spiritual connection or a kinship with another physical being, such as an animal or plant, often called a "spirit-being" or "totem."
Tarab Arabic word for a state of emotional transformation or ecstasy achieved through music
Unison two or more musical parts sounding the same pitch or at an octave interval, usually at the same time
Surrogate speech imitates rhythm and tonality of language
Sachs/Hornbostel standard classification system for musical instruments that divides musical instruments into four categories: areophones, chordophones, idiophones, and membranophones
A cappella Only vocals
Created by: AdrienneBronner