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Janssen Bio Ch 8

Mrs. Janssen's Photosynthesis & Cell Respiration Test

QuestionAnswer
What process is used by autotrophs to make carbohydrates? photosynthesis
This supplies all the energy for life on earth sun
What are the inner folds of the mitochondria called? cristae
What is the product made in the Calvin Cycle? G3P
In what cell organelle does most of respiration occur? mitochondria
In which step of cellular respiration are the most ATP’s made? electron transport
Which step of cellular respiration splits glucose? glycolysis
When skeletal muscles cramp, what substance is building up in muscles? lactic acid
Foods such as cheese, sour cream, and yogurt are produced using which type of fermentation? lactic acid
Which type of fermentation occurs in yeast and some bacteria? alcoholic
Where does fermentation occur? cytoplasm
In prokaryotes, how many ATP are produced for every molecule of glucose? 38
In aerobic respiration, what is the final step in the breakdown of glucose? electron transport
What is another word for anaerobic respiration? fermentation
In eukaryotes, how many ATP are produced for every molecule of glucose? 36
In aerobic respiration, what is the final step in the breakdown of glucose? electron transport
How many FADH2 molecules are produced in the Krebs Cycle? 2
How many NADH molecules are produced in the Krebs Cycle? 8
When pyruvate reacts with CoA, what does it form? acetyl CoA
What is pyruvate eventually converted into? CO2
How many ATP molecules are produced in the Krebs Cycle? 2
How many carbon dioxide molecules are produced in the Krebs Cycle? 6
What is another name for the Krebs Cycle? citric acid cycle
In addition to ATP, what is the other net result of glycolysis? pyruvate
What type of process is glycolysis? anaerobic
When one molecule of glucose breaks down, how many NADH are produced? 2
When one molecule of glucose breaks down, how many ATP are produced? 2
What type of process does not require oxygen? anaerobic
What type of process requires oxygen? aerobic
What is the first step in cellular respiration? glycolysis
Light independent reactions are also known as? Calvin Cycle
What biological enzyme converts inorganic CO2 into organic molecules the cell can use? rubisco
What is the second phase of photosynthesis called? Calvin Cycle
The process of electrons flowing down a concentration gradient & producing ATP is? chemiosmosis
What breaks down & causes leaves to change color in the fall? chlorophyll
Pigments that reflects yellow, orange & red. carotenoids
Chlorphylls reflect this color. green
Fluid filled space around grana stroma
Light absorbing molecules are called? pigments
Stacks of thylakoids are called? grana
Where are chloroplasts found? leaves
Flattened sac-like membranes arranged in stacks are called? thylakoids
Which organelles in plants capture light for photosynthesis? chloroplasts
Besides ATP, what is the other energy storage molecule in photosynthesis? NADPH
How many phases does photosynthesis occur in? 2
38 of these are produced in prokaryotic respiration. ATP
When ADP loses a phosphate it becomes this. AMP
Krebs Cycle converts this to ATP. ADP
When ATP loses one phosphate it becomes this. ADP
Most important biological molecule that provides chemical energy ATP
Contains 1 phosphate. AMP
Contains 2 phosphates. ADP
Contains 3 phosphates. ATP
Where do light independent reactions take place? stroma
Where do light dependent reactions take place? thylakoid
What kind of pathway is cellular respiration? catabolic
What kind of pathway is photosynthesis? anabolic
This type of reaction breaks down large molecules into small molecules. catabolic
This type of reaction builds large molecules from small ones. anabolic
An organism that uses inorganic substances to make food. chemoautotroph
An organism that converts light into energy. photoautotroph
An organism that cannot make its own food. heterotroph
An organism that makes its own food. autotroph
What is the most important biological molecule that provides chemical energy? ATP
Series of reactions in which the product of one reaction is the substrate for the next. metabolic pathway
All the chemical reactions in a cell are known as? metabolism
Where does all energy in living organisms ultimately originate? sun
Study of the flow & transformation of energy in the universe. thermodynamics
The ability to do work energy
Created by: jjanssen33