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Comp 1 Sentences

Flash cards

QuestionAnswer
Subject without the words that describes or modify it. Simple Subject ex; Thirty years ago, reasonably well-trained (mechanics) could fix any car on the road.
A simple subject and the words that describe or modify it. Complete Subject ex; Thirty years ago,( reasonably well-trained mechanics) could fix any car on the road
Subject is composed of two or more simple subjects joined by a conjunction an sharing the same predicate(s). Compound Subject ex; Today, (mechanics) and (technicians) would need to master a half million manual pages to fix every car on the road.
This means it is not stated in the sentence, but a reader clearly understands what the subject is. Occurs in a command( imperative sentence). Understood Subject ex; (You) Park on this side of the street. (The subject you is understood)
In sentences that begin with There is , There was, or Here is, the subject follows the verb. Delayed Subject ex; There are 70,000 (fans) in the stadium. subject is fans, are is the verb
Contains the verb, is the part of the sentence that either tells what the subject is doing, tell what is being done to the subject, or describes or renames the subject. Predicate Verb ex; I saw, I come, I conquered
The complete verb without the words that describes or modify it (The complete verb can consist of more than one word) Simple Predicate ex;Today's workplace( requires) employees to have a range of skills.
The verb, all the words that modify or explain it, and any objects or complements. Complete Predicate ex; Today's workplace (requires employees to have a range of skills).
Composed of two or more verbs, all the words that modify or explain them, and any objects or complements. Compound Predicate ex; Engineers (analyze problems and calculate solutions)
The part of the predication that receives the action of an active transitive verb. A direct object makes the meaning of the verb complete. Direct Object ex; Marcos visited several (campuses)
The words that tells to whom/to what or for whom/for what something is done. A sentence must have a direct object before it can have an indirect object. Indirect Object ex; I wrote them a note.
There are several types of phrases verb, verbal, prepositional, appositive, absolute
Consists of a main verb and its helping verbs. Verb Phrase ex; Students, worried about exams, (have camped) at the library all week.
A phrase that expands on one of three types of verbals; gerund, infinitive, participle. Verbal Phrase
Consist of a gerund and its modifiers and objects. The whole phrase functions as a noun. Gerund Phrase ex; (Becoming a marine biologist) is Rashanda's dream.
Consists of a present or past participle(a verb form ending in ing or ed) and its modifiers. The phrase functions as adjective. Participial Phrase ex: (Doing poorly in biology), Theo signed up for a tutor.
A group of words beginning with a preposition and ending with its object, a noun or a pronoun. Prepositional Phrase ex; Denying the existence (of exam week) hasn't worked (for anyone) yet.
Follows a noun or a pronoun and renames it, consists of a noun and its modifiers. Adds new information about the noun or pronoun if follows. Appositive Phrase ex; The Olympic-size pool, (a prized addition to the physical education building), gets plenty of use.
Consists of a noun and a participle (plus the participle's object, if there is one, and any modifiers). It usually modifies the entire sentence. Absolute Phrase ex; (Their enthusiasm sometimes waning) the students who cannot swim are required to take lessons.
Kinds of Sentences Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative, Exclamatory, or Conditional
Sentences that ask questions Interrogative Sentence ex; Do you think Ms. Parks knew she was making history?
Sentences that give commands. They often contain an understood subject.(you) Imperative Sentences ESL note. with an understood subject are the only sentences in which it is acceptable to have no subject stated.
Sentences that communicate strong emotion or surprise. They are punctuated with exclamation points. Exclamatory Sentences ex; I simply can't keep up with these long reading assignments!
A sentence may be simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex, depending on how the independent and dependent clauses are combined. Structure of Sentences
Contains one independent clause. The independent clause may have compound subjects and verbs, and it may also contain phrases. Simple Sentences ex; My back aches. (single subject back; single verb; aches)
Contains one independent clause (in bold) and one or more dependent clauses (underlined). Complex Sentence ex; When I can, (I get eight hours of sleep). 1. dependent clause; 2. independent clause
Consists of two independent clauses. The clauses must be joined by a semicolon, by a comma and a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, so, for, yet) or by a semicolon followed by a conjunctive adverb( besides, however, instead, meanwhile, then, the Compound Sentence ex; I take good care of myself; I get enough sleep. I had eight hours of sleep, so why am I so exhausted?
Contains one independent clause (in bold) and one or more dependent clauses (underlined). Compound-Complex Sentence ex; If I'm not in a hurry,( I take leisurely walks), a (I try spot some wildlife) 1. dependent clause; 2. two independent clauses
Created by: agordon57