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Unit 6 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Amber hard translucent fossilized resin produced by extinct coniferous trees of the Tertiary period, typically yellowish in color
Fossil the remains or impression of a prehistoric organism preserved in petrified form or as a mold or cast in rock
Cast throw (something) forcefully in a specified direction
Index Fossil a fossil that is useful for dating and correlating the strata in which it is found
Mold a hollow container used to give shape to molten or hot liquid material (such as wax or metal) when it cools and hardens
Permineralization a process of fossilization in which mineral deposits form internal casts of organisms
Trace Fossil a fossil of a footprint, trail, burrow, or other trace of an animal rather than of the animal itself
Cross-Cutting Relationships states that an igneous intrusion is always younger than the rock it cuts across
Geologic Time a system of chronological measurement that relates stratigraphy to time, and is used by geologists, paleontologists, and other Earth scientists to describe the timing and relationships between events that have occurred throughout Earth's history
Lateral Continuity states that layers of sediment initially extend laterally in all directions
Original Horizontality states that layers of sediment are originally deposited horizontally under the action of gravity
Relative Age the science of determining the relative order of past events
Superposition a principle of quantum theory that describes a challenging concept about the nature and behavior of matter and forces at the sub-atomic level
Unconformity a surface of contact between two groups of unconformable strata
Uniformitarianism the theory that changes in the earth's crust during geological history have resulted from the action of continuous and uniform processes
Absolute Age the true age of a rock or fossil
Half-life the time taken for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half its original value
Ice core a core sample that is typically removed from an ice sheet, most commonly from the polar ice caps of Antarctica, Greenland or from high mountain glaciers elsewhere
Isotope each of two or more forms of the same element that contain equal numbers of protons but different numbers of neutrons in their nuclei, and hence differ in relative atomic mass but not in chemical properties; in particular, a radioactive form of an element
Radiometric dating a method of dating geological or archeological specimens by determining the relative proportions of particular radioactive isotopes present in a sample
differentiation the action or process of differentiating
Outgassing release or give off (a substance) as a gas or vapor
Supercontinent each of several large landmasses (notably Pangaea, Gondwana, and Laurasia) thought to have divided to form the present continents in the geological past
Pangaea a hypothetical supercontinent that included all current land masses, believed to have been in existence before the continents broke apart during the Triassic and Jurassic Periods
Orogeny a process in which a section of the earth's crust is folded and deformed by lateral compression to form a mountain range
Evolution the process by which different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth
Natural Selection the process whereby organisms better adapted to their environment tend to survive and produce more offspring
Created by: 3161979
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