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Biology CH. 5

The Cell Cycle Vocab

TermDefinition
Cell Cycle Pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that occurs in a eukaryotic cell.
Mitosis Process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
Cytokinesis Process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
Chromosome Long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous genes and regulatory information.
Chromatid One half of a duplicated chromosome.
Prophase First phase of mitosis when chromatin condenses, the nuclear envelope breaks down, the nucleolus disappears, and the centrosomes and centrioles migrate to opposite sides of the cell.
Metaphase Second phase of mitosis when spindle fibers align the chromosomes along the cell equator.
Anaphase Third phase of mitosis during which chromatids separate and are pulled to opposite sides of the cell.
Telophase Last phase of mitosis when a complete set of identical chromosomes is positioned at each pole of the cell, the nuclear membranes start to form, the chromosomes begin to uncoil and the spindle fibers disassemble.
Cancer Common name for a class of diseases characterized by uncontrolled cell division.
Benign Having no dangerous effect on health, especially referring to an abnormal growth of cells that are not cancerous.
Malignant Cancerous tumor in which cells break away and spread to other parts of the body, causing harm to the organism's health.
Carcinogen Substance that produces or promotes the development of cancer.
Stem Cell Cell that can divide for long periods of time while remaining undifferentiated.
Created by: Mr.Devine