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Peds kw 32&33

Key words chapter 32&33

TermDefinition
Communicable disease One that can be transmitted, directly or indirectly from one person to another.
Pathogen Organism that causes disease.
Incubation period The time between the invasion by the pathogen and the onset of clinical symptoms.
Prodromal period Initial symptoms indicating an approaching onset of disease.
Fomite Any inanimate material that absorbs and transmits infection.
Vector An insect or animal that carries and spreads disease.
Pandemic World wide high incidence of a communicable disease.
Endemic Continuous incidence of a communicable disease expected in a localized area.
Epidemic Sudden increase of a communicable disease in a localized area.
Opportunistic infections Infection caused by organisms normally found in the environment that the immune-suppressed individual cannot resist or fight.
Natural Immunity Resistance to disease that is inborn.
Acquired immunity Immunity gained as a result of having the disease or artificially acquired via vaccines or immune serums.
Active immunity When a person produces his or her own immunity.
Passive immunity Provides the antibody but does not stimulate the system to produce its own antibodies.
Erythema Diffused reddened area on the skin.
Macule Circular reddened area on the skin.
Papule Circular reddened area on the skin that is elevated.
Pustule Circular reddened area on the skin that is elevated and contains pus.
Pathogonomic Lesion or symptom that is characteristic of a specific illness.
Family therapy Includes all family members, therapy during the day and child returns at night.
Intervention Therapy, behavior modification or milieu therapy. May involve individual, family or group.
Behavior modification Focuses on modifying specific behaviors by means of stimulus and response conditioning.
Milieu therapy Refers to the physical and social environment provided by the child.
Dysfunctional Situations that disrupt family patterns.
Psychosomatic Dysfunctions of the body that seem to have an emotional or mental basis.
Created by: morgancoady