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Unit D Part 1 Vocab

Characteristics Traits that have been developed in one person, some of which are genetic.
Gene DNA that can be seen in an offspring.
Genetics The study of genes, the genes that can be passed down from each generation.
Inherited trait A trait developed from either of your parents
Acquired trait A trait developed from the environment, or a trait you have developed in time, not from your parents.
Trait A characteristic that you have gotten from your parents.
Asexual Reproduction Reproduction from only one parent, by cells making exact copies of themselves.
Cell Holds a person’s DNA and can be given to the offspring off the person.
Clone When the nucleus is taken out of the cell of the original animal and put into the “child” clone.
Mutation When the copy of a cell is mutated, it becomes different which causes a change in appearance.
Sexual Reproduction When two parents reproduce an offspring, and the offspring’s traits are inherited by their DNA.
Allele Alternative forms of a gene that are made by mutation and can be found at the same place.
Dominant The trait from the offspring which is the stronger gene. Which is most likely what the offspring will receive.
Recessive A trait that a person carries, but doesn’t show it.
Homozygous You have a pair of matching alleles, that control a certain trait.
Heterozygous One dominant trait and one recessive trait.
phenotype Characteristics that result from the environment.
Punnett Square The square in which the traits from a future offspring can be determined.
genotype The ability to carry the recessive trait and not dominant.
Created by: sgoreja44