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The Ocean Floor

TermDefinition
Continental Slope A STEEP slope. This marks the true ends of the continent. This is where the rock of the continent ends and the rock of the ocean begins
Seamount Underwater mountains that do not come above the oceans surface. Is currently, or was once a volcano.
Abyssal Plain A large, flat, nearly level area of the deep ocean basin. This area is covered with a thick layer of mud and the remains if tiny marine organisms.
Mid-Ocean Ridge Continuous range of mountains along the ocean floor.
Volcanic Islands Sea mounts that come above the ocean surface.
Continental Shelf A gently sloping shallow area that extends outward from the edge of the continent. Located between the shoreline and the continental slope.
Trench Deepest areas of the ocean. Most pressure and the coldest. The creatures that live here are very strange.
Evaporation The process of a substance in a liquid state to a gaseous state
Transpiration The process where plants absorb water through the roots and then give off water vapor through pores in the leaves.
Condensation Water that collects as droplets on a cloud surface whn humid air is in contact with it
Precipatation The action or process of precipitating a substance from a solution./ Rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to the ground.
Run Off The draining away of water ( or substances carried in it) from the surface of an area of land, a building, or structure.
Groundwater Water held underground in the soil or in pores and crevices in rocks.
Permable Allowing liquids of gases to pass through.
Impermable Not allowing liquids to pass through.
Pores an opening in the surface, through which liquids, gases, and microscopic particles can pass.
Aqufire A body of permeable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater.
Water Table The level below which the groundwater is saturated with water.
Spring A place where water wells up from an underground source.
Saturated Zone The zone of saturation. The area in the aquifer below the water table.
Artesian Well A well in which water is under pressure
Watershed An area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing through different rivers basins or seas
Drought A prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall; a shortage of water resulting from this.
Water Conservation The preservation,control, and development of water resources, both surface and groundwater, and prevention of pollution.
Salinity The saltiness or dissolved content of a body of water.
Sodium Cloride A colorless crystalline compound occurring naturally in seawater and halite; common salt.
Oxygen & Carbon Dioxide A reactive gas, forms about 20% of Earth's atmosphere/ gas produced by burning carbon and organic compounds
Surface Currents Water at the ocean surface moved by winds that blow in certain patterns
Deep Ocean Currents Driven by density and gradients
Coriolis Effect An effect whereby a mass moving in a rotating system experiences force perpendicular motion and to the axis of rotation.
High Tide The state of the tide when at its highest level.Usually happens every 12 hours
Low Tide The state of the tide when it is at its lowest level. Usually every 12 hours.
Spring Tide This occurs when high tide happens to be higher that its normal state. Usually happens at full and new moons.
Neap Tide This occurs when low tide happens to be lower than its normal state. Usually happens at 1st and 3rd quarter moons.
Upwelling Arising of seawater.
Created by: Favor Adetoye