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SCI Chap. 5 Review

1. What are sperm and eggs known as? sex cells
2. What is the passing of traits from parent to offspring called? heredity
3. What plant did Gregor Mendel use in his study? pea plants
4. If a brown-furred rabbit (BB) were to reproduce with a white-furred rabbit (bb), what would be the possible genotypes? Bb
5. What kind of trait always appears in the first generation of offspring and is represented with a capital letter? Dominant trait
6. What kind of trait represented with a lowercase letter? Recessive trait
7. Who is known as the father of genetics? Gregor Mendel
8. ____ are instructions for a specific trait. Genes
9. What are the different forms of a gene called? alleles
10. If a purple flower (Pp) were to reproduce with a white flower (pp), what percentage of the offspring be white? 50% white
11. The ____ is the physical appearance of an organism. phenotype
12. The genetic makeup of an organism is called the ______. genotype
13. What is it called when one trait is not completely dominant over the other? Incomplete dominance
14. When alleles chromosomes have the same sets of genes, it's called _______. Homologous chromosomes
15. What process makes cells with half the usual number of chromosomes? Meiosis
16. Which step of meiosis involves copying chromosomes? Interphase
Created by: Jen_t