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Science- Chapter 2

Parts of a plant & Plant Growth and Reproduction

Root Hair Tiny hairs on a root that take in water and minerals from soil
Epidermis Layer on top and bottom of leaf that protects the middle
Stomata Openings on lower epidermis that lets water and gases in and out.
Chlorophyll Green stuff inside plant cells that make food.
Photosynthesis Name of process plants use to make food
Respiration When the plant uses oxygen to break apart sugars.
Seed A baby plant with stored food
Germination The process of a seed growing
Pollination When pollen grain land on the pistil
Fertilization When the male and female cells combine
Ovary The home for the egg and it becomes a fruit to protect the seeds.
Spore A cell in a seedless plant
What are 3 parts of a plant? Root, stem, leaf
What do roots do for plant? 1. Absorb water and minerals from soil. 2. hold plant in place. 3. stores food
What is the difference between a taproot and fibrous root? Taproot: One large root in soil. Fibrous Root: A lot of roots that spread out
What do leaves do? Makes food for plant. Has veins.
What do stems do? Carries minerals and water from the roots to leaves. Supports plant's flowers and leaves so they get sunlight.
What are woody and soft stems? Woody stems are stronger. They support big plants like trees. Soft stems are green, can bend, and are in small plants.
What are the steps in Fertilization? 1. Pollen lands on Pistil. 2. Pollen tube starts to grow down pistil. 3. Pollen travels down pollen tube and combines with egg in the ovary.
Name 2 ways seeds are carried away. Wind, Animals eating them and dropping seeds to ground or Seeds getting stuck on animal's fur or feathers.
Veins Take food made in leaf to stem and roots.
Created by: feraan