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Chapter 2

Workforce Safty and wellness

TermDefinition
Standard Precautions Protective measures that have traditionally been developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for use in dealing wit objects, blood, body fluids, and other potential exposure risks of communicable disease.
Designated officer The individual in the department who is charged with the responsibility of managing exposures and infection control issues.
Communicable disease A disease that can be spread from one person or species to another.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) The primary federal agency that conducts and supports public health activities in the US. It is part of the US Department of Health and Human Services
Cumulative stress reactions Prolonged or excessive stress
Infection Control Procedures to reduce transmission of infection among patients and health care personnel.
Critical incident stress management (CISM) A process that confronts the responses to critical incidents and defuses them, directing the emergency services personnel toward physical and emotional equilibrium.
Cover and concealment The tactical use of an impenetrable barrier for protection
General adaptation syndrome The body's response to stress that begins with an alarm response, followed by a stage of reaction and resistance, and then recovery or, if the stress is prolonged, exhaustion.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is caused by this virus, which damages the cells in the body's immune system so that the body is unable to fight infection or certain cancers.
Exposure A situation in which a person has had contact with blood, body fluids, tissues, or airborne particles in a manner that suggests disease transmission may occur.
Foodborne Transmission The contamination of food or water with an organism that can cause disease.
Infection The abnormal invasion of a host or host tissues by organisms such as bacteria , viruses, or parasites, with or without signs symptoms of disease.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) The federal regulatory compliance agency that develops, publishes and enforces guidelines concerning safety in the workplace.
Acute stress reactions Reaction to stress that occurs during a stressful situation
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Clothing or specialized equipment that provides protection to the wearer
Indirect contact Exposure or transmission of disease from one person to another by contact with a contaminated object.
Immune The body's ability to protect itself from acquiring a disease.
Direct Contact Exposure or transmission of a communicable disease from one person to another by physical contact.
Host The organism or individual that is attacked by the infecting agent.
Infectious disease A medical condition caused by the growth and spread of small, harmful organisms within the body
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) A delayed stress reaction to a prior incident. This delayed reaction is often the result of one or more unresolved issues concerning the incident
Tranmission The way in which an infectious disease is spread: contact, airborne, by vehicles or by vectors.
Vector-borne transmission The use of an animal to spread an organism from one person or place to another
Pathogen A microorganism that capable of causing disease in a susceptible host.
Contamination The presence of infectious organism or foreign bodies on or in objects such as dressings, water, food, needles, wounds, or a patients body.
Airborne transmission The spread of an organism in aerosol form
Delayed stress reaciton Reaction to stress that occurs after a stressful situation.
Hepatitis Inflammation of the liver, usually caused by a viral infection, that causes fever, loss of appetite, jaundice, fatigue, and altered liver function,
Bloodborne pathogens Pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to , hepatitis B virus and Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Created by: er1ka