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Chapter 1


Automated External Defibrillator (AED) A device that detects treatable life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias (ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia) and delivers the appropriate electrical shock to the patient.
Public Safety Access Point A call center, staffed by trained personnel who are responsible for managing request for police, firefighting, and ambulance
Primary Prevention Efforts to prevent an injury or illness from ever occuring
Secondary Prevention Efforts to limit the effects of an injury or illness that you cannot completely prevent.
Intravenous (IV) therapy The delivery of medication directly into a vein
Emergency Medical Responder (EMR) The first trained individual, such as a police officer, fire fighter, lifeguard, or other rescuer, to arrive at the scene of an emergency to provide initial medical assistance.
Licensure The process whereby a competent authority, usually the state, allows individuals to perform a regulated act.
Advance life support (ALS) Advanced lifesaving procedures, some of which are now being provided by the EMT.
Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) A system of internal and external reviews and audits of all aspects of an EMS system.
Medical Control Physician instructions that are given directly by radio or cell phone (online/direct) or indirectly by protocol/guidelines (offline/indirect), as authorized by the medical director of the service program.
Emergency Medical Services (EMS) A multidisciplinary system that represents the combined efforts of several professionals and agencies to provide prehospital emergency care to the sick and injured.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Federal legislation passed in 1996. its main effect in EMS is in limiting availability of patients health care information and penalizing violations of patients privacy.
Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) An individual who has training in basic life support, including automated external defibrillation, use of a definitive airway adjunct, and assisting patients with certain medications.
Certification A process in which a person, an institution, or a program is evaluated and recognized as meeting certain predetermined standards to provide safe and ethical care.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Comprehensive legislation that is designed to protect individuals with disabilities against discrimination.
Advance EMT (AEMT) An individual who has training in specific aspects of advanced life support, such as intravenous therapy, and the administration of certain emergency medications
National EMS Scope of Practice Model A document created by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) that outlines the skills performed by various EMS providers.
Medical Director The phusician who authorizes or delegates to the EMT the authority to provide medical care in the field.
Public Health Focused on examining the health needs of entire populations with the goal of preventing health problems
Emergency Medical Dispatch (EMD) A system that assists dispatchers in selecting appropriate units to respond to a particular call for assistance and in providing callers with vital instructions until the arrival of EMS crews.
Primary Service Area (PSA) The designated area in which the EMS service is responsible for the provision of prehospital emergency care and transportation to the hospital.
Quality Control The responsibility of the medical director to ensure that the appropriate medical care standards are met by the EMTs on each call.
Created by: er1ka