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Peds 1

Assessment and CV rates

QuestionAnswer
What three fetal shunts close? Foramen Ovale, Ductus Arteriosus, Ductus Venosus
Pulmonary circulation does what during development? Increases
The heart ______ in size and weight in the first year doubles
Apical pulse for one full minute until what age, or per facility policy. 2 yo
What are three things that can alter heart rate? fever, anxiety, pain
Heart rate for newborn/infants 100-140 up to 160 with anxiety
Heart rate for toddlers/preschool (1-5 years) 80-100
Heart rate for school age (6-12 years) 60-80
Heart rate for adolescent 60-100
Heart rate ______ with inspiration and ______ with exhalation increases, decreases
BP cuff bladder should cover ______ circumference of arm and length should encircle ______% 2/3 and 100%
BP for newborn/infant 65-100/45-65
BP for toddlers 90-110/55-75
BP for children 100-120/60-75
BP for 12 and up 110-135/65-85
The shunt that bypasses the lungs is called the Foramen Ovale
The foramen ovale moves blood from the right atrium to where? Left atrium
The ______ ______ moves blood from the pulmonary artery to the aorta. ductus arteriosus
The ductus arteriosus moves blood from the what to the aorta pulmonary artery
A shunt that passes highly oxygenated blood through the liver to the inferior vena cava and then to the right atrium of the heart. ductus venosus
Closes at birth due to decreased flow from placenta Foramen Ovale
Closes within 2-3 days of birth Ductus Arteriosus
With the clamping of the umbilical cord, the ______ _____ closes physiologically, and after a few days anatomically. Ductus Venosus
Created by: mreedy