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Energy Vocabulary

Energy Vocabulary #2

TermDefinition
Generator A device that uses a magnetic field to turn mechanical-kinetic energy into electrical energy. (motion --> electricity)
Turbine A huge wheel that rotates when pushed by water, wind, or steam.
Convection The transfer of heat energy by movement of the heated substance itself, as currents in fluids (liquids and gases). Hot goes up, cool goes down
Radiation The transfer of heat energy through space without particles of matter colliding or moving to transfer the energy. (using rays or waves)
Electric Circuit A closed, conducting loop in which electric current can flow continually
Conduction The transfer of heat energy between particles as they collide within a substance or between two objects in direct contact. (touching)
Transformation The process of something being changed from one form to another form.
Motor A device that uses a magnetic field to turn electrical energy into mechanical-kinetic energy. (electricity --> motion)
Mechanical Potential Stored energy
Mechanical Kinetic The energy an object has due to its motion
Heat The energy of the moving particles that we can feel through temperature.
Solar Energy that comes from the sun that takes the forms of both heat and light.
Chemical Energy stored in particles of matter that release when the chemical bonds are broken
Electrical Energy due to the flow of electrons usually through a wire
Light Energy that travels in the form of rays or waves, often when an electric current is passed through a light bulb.
Sound Energy that travels through substances in longitudinal waves (vibrations)
Energy The ability to do work or to cause change
Law of Conservation of Energy Energy cannot be created or destroyed. It may be transformed from one form to another, but the total amount of energy never changes.
Created by: JSkardon