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APB C22 Darwin

QuestionAnswer
A population of organisms can change over the generations if individuals having certain heritable traits leave more offspring than other individuals. Results in evolutionary adaptation Natural Selection
Phrase Darwin used instead of evolution in the first edition of The Origin of Species descent with modification
The breeding of domesticated plants and animals artificial selection
Change in the genetic composition of a population from generation to generation evolution
The branch of science concerned with fossil animals and plants. paleontology
Similarity in sequence of a protein or nucleic acid between organisms of the same or different species. homology
Body parts that have similar function and structure in different organisms suggesting a common ancestor homologous structures
A structure in an organism that has lost all or most of its original function in the course of evolution vestigial structures
The process whereby organisms not closely related, independently evolve similar traits as a result of having to adapt to similar environments or ecological niches. convergent evolution
Similarity of function and superficial resemblance of structures that have different origins. For example, the wings of a fly, a moth, and a bird. analogous structures
Prevalent in or limited to a particular locality, region, or people endemic
inherited characteristics of organisms that enhance survival & reproduction in specific environments. adaptations
Created by: 100001916589047