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Respiratory & Cardiovascular Vocabulary

Tonsillectomy Excision of the tonsils
Epiglottis Covers the glottis to prevent food from going into the trachea
Dyspnea Difficulty Breathing
Hemoptysis Spitting up blood
Hemothorax Blood in the chest (pleural cavity )
Pyothorax Pus in the chest (pleural cavity )
Sputum Material expelled from the chest
Croup Acute respiratory syndrome in children
Tracheotomy Incision of the trachea
Asthma Spasm and narrowing of the lungs
Hematemesis Vomiting up blood
Emphysema Abnormal expansion of the lungs alveoli (c.o.p.d)
Pneumonia Inflammation and infection of the lungs
Hypercapnia High carbon dioxide
Pnemoconiosis Dust in the lungs
Larynospasm Contraction of the larynx
Laryngitis Inflammation of the larynx
Sinusitis Inflammation of the sinus
Rhinoplasty Repair of the nose (nose job)
Tuberculosis Bacterial infection of the lungs aND other organs of the body
Pulmonary abscess Large collection of pus in the lungs
Atelectasis Collapsed of the expanded lungs
Anosmia Not able to smell
Pneumonitis Inflammation of the lungs
Pneumothorax Accumulation of air in the lungs
Nasopharyngitis Inflammation of the nose and throat
Lobectomy Excision of the lobe of the lung
Spirometer Instrument used to measure breathing
Apnea Not able to breathe
Dysphonia Hoarseness
Pleuritis/ pleurisy Inflammation of the pleura
Epiglottitis Inflammation of the epiglottis
Rhinorrhea Runny nose
Adenoidectomy Excision of the adenoids
Bronchogenic carcinoma Lung cancer
Epistaxis Nosebleed
Arrhythmia Abnormal heart rhythms
Phlebitis Inflammation of the vein
Hemorrhoids Varicose veins near the anus
Congestive heart failure The heart is unable to pump it's required amount of blood
Bradycardia Slow heart rate
Pulmonary edema Blood or water that accumulate in the air space of the lungs
Defibrillator An electrical device used to restore normal heart rhythms
Angioplasty Repair of the blood vessel
Percarditis Inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
Aneurysm Widening of a blood vessel
Angina pectoris Chest pain due to low oxygen to the heart muscle
Myocardial infarction Heart attack
Hypercholesterolemia High cholesterol in the blood
Cyanosis Bluish discoloration of the skin
Hypoxia Low oxygen
Phlebotomy Making an incision in the vein
Atherosclerosis Yellow or fat plague deposited inside of an artery
Tachycardia Fast heart rate
Thrombosis A blood clot inside of a blood vessel
Embolism A blood clot that moves from one area of a blood vessel to another area
Angiogram Instrument used to record activities of the blood vessel
Endocarditis Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
Murmur Abnormality of the heart valves
Cardiomegaly Enlargement of the heart
Hemoglobin Transport oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body, such as the muscles, where it releases the oxygen for cell use
Varicose vein Abnormally swollen and twisted veins usually occurring in the legs
Hypertension High blood pressure