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Mariculture

Dr. Kingstons PPT

TermDefinition
was an innovative approach to increase food production during the 1950’s and 1960’s that industrialized agriculture to tremendously increase cropland productivity The Green Revolution
What does CAFO stand for? Confined Animal Feeding Operation
High density populations, Restricted movements, Use of antibiotic supplements in feed to hasten growth rates, Use of injected antibiotics to treat sick animals and selective breeding to enhance stock are all characteristics of CAFO's (confined animal feeding operations)
This revolution focused on industrial scale production of fish and shellfish through “farming the oceans" Blue Revolution
Name 3 goals of the Blue Revolution 1)Take pressure off wild stocks to allow recovery 2)Generate a net surplus of seafood to feed the world’s population 3)Provide opportunity for economically marginalized groups
What are 3 types of aquaculture? Fishery Enhancement, Mitigation Aquaculture, Commodity Aquaculture
Efforts to correct or mitigate problems on fisheries imposed by other human uses of water resources ex. coral culturing efforts Mitigation Aquaculture
Produce a marketable product Commodity Aquaculture/ Mariculture
What makes a species good for aquaculture? desirability of human food, high growth rate, disease resistance, high density, marketability, minimal side effects on environment
___ is more likely to spread in high density fish such as shrimp. disease
Environmental Impacts of Aquaculture include anoxic waters, conversion of mangroves to shrimp farms, toxic sludge after production
involves wild-caught, typically younger, fish which are held captive in pens to be fattened and harvested as larger fish. Ranching
has since entered the English language referring to a type of unsolvable logic puzzle sometimes called a double bind in which you receive two conflicting messages and one message negates the other. Catch 22
involves producing eggs from captive-reared brood stock which are then raised in net-pens until they are of harvest-able size. Farming
Effects of farming salmon include: deplete local fish stocks as feed for farmed fish, new diseases, antibiotics may spread to the local environment, fecal matter can cause anoxia, transmit pathogens to native fish,
The two most profitable mariculture species are: mussels and oysters
Created by: acorso3