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Ch 6 Genes

TermDefinition
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid; heredity material that controls all activities of a cell, contains the information to make new cells and provides instructions for making protein
nucleotide a subunit of DNA consisting of a sugar, a phosphate and one of four nitrogenous bases
adenine combines with sugar and phosphate to form a nucleotide, subunit of DNA; pairs with thymine
thymine combines with sugar and phosphate to form a nucleotide subunit DNA; pairs with adenine
guanine combines with sugar and phosphate to form a nucleotide of DNA; pairs with cytosine
cytosine combines with sugar and phosphate to form a nucleotide subunit of DNA; pairs with guanine
ribosome a small organelle in cells where proteins are made from amino acids
mutation a change in the order of the bases in an organisms DNA; deletion, insertion or substitution
mutagen anything that can damage or cause changes in DNA
pedigree a diagram of family history used for tracing a trait through several generations
Created by: swhite2015