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GBio16 Ch 3.1-3.3

Organic/Inorganic/Active/Passive/CR and PS

a substance that contains carbon and hydrogen and is found in living or dead things organic
a substance that does not contain much carbon and is found in nonliving things inorganic
an inorganic compound that is essential to life water, calcium compounds, nitrogen compounds
a type of compound that the body uses for quick energy carbohydrate (like sugars and starches)
a type of compound that the body uses of protection of organs and is also a source of stored energy lipid/fat
a type of compound that make a organism's genes nucleic acids like DNA
a type of compound that builds muscle protein
a type of protein that builds or breaks up molecules in living things enzyme
solid water is unique because... it floats. so in winter the top of a pond might freeze but the bottom will stay liquid and the fish will survive.
give one reason why water is essential to life? it is sticky so it can travel through organisms OR it controls Earth's climate so that it doesn't get too hold or too cold
what word describes all the reactions in the body metabolism
a process where plants take in sunlight, make glucose (food), and release carbon dioxide photosynthesis
a process where living things take in oxygen, break down glucose (food), and releases carbon dioxide cellular respiration
a pigment in plant cells that captures sunlight chlorophyll in a chloroplast
how do plants store their carbohydrates? as starch
if an organisms body runs out of oxygen while trying to break down food (glucose) the process is called fermentation
where does cellular respiration take place? mitchondria
bacteria do fermentation to create lactic acid. Humans use this lactic acid to make dariy products like yogurt and cheese
yeast do fermentation and it creates carbon dioxide. Humans use yeast to... make bread rise
do plants do cellular respiration and photosynthesis YES!
do animals do photosynthesis? NO!
What builds up in people when muscles begin to do fermentation (because they run out of oxygen)? lactic acid
the names for enzymes always end in what letters? -ase
name the 4 organic compounds carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
which part of the leaf allows carbon dioxide to enter and oxygen to exit? stomata
what three things are needed in order for plants to do photosynthesis light, water and carbon dioxide
where does water enter plants? water goes into the soil then up through the roots and into the stem
what two things are made in photosynthesis? oxygen and glucose(food)
what two things are needed in order for cellular respiration to occur? glucose(food) and water
what three things are made during cellular respiration? energy, carbon dioxide and water
Which type of cellular transport required energy? active
which type of cellular transport does NOT require energy? passive
what is the name of the molecule that cells use for energy? ATP
what are the 3 types of passive transport that you know? diffusion, facilitated diffusion, osmosis
what are the 3 types of active transport that you know? active, endocytosis and exocytosis
which type of cellular transport has molecules moving from high concentration to low concentration? passive (diffusion)
which type of cellular transport has molecules moving from low concentration to high concentration? active transport
Name the type of transport: molecules move from high to low concentration but have to travel through protein channels or carriers. facilitated diffusion (passive)
name the type of transport: small molecules (like gases) move from high to low concentration diffusion (passive)
name the type of transport: the diffusion of water from high to low concentration osmosis (passive)
name the type of transport: cells take in large molecules by wrapping around them and forming vesicles endocytosis (active)
name the type of transport: cells release large molecules by pushing vesicles to the cell membrane and pushing the contents out. exocytosis (active)
What is it called when the flow of molecules is balanced. It is flowing one way at the same rate that it flows the other? equillibrium
is facilitated diffusion active or passive? passive
is endocytosis and exocytosis active or passive? active
in passive transport molecules move from high to low
Created by: ruth.baker