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Hydrology

TermDefinition
Evaporation The process by which water changes from a liquid to gas and energy is gained.
Transpiration The process by which plants release water vapor through their leaves.
Condensation The process by which water changes from a gas to a liquid and energy is lost.
Precipitation Forms of water such as rain, snow, sleet, or hail that fall from clouds and reach Earth's surface.
Run Off Water that flows over the ground surface rather than soaking in the ground.
Groundwater Water that fills the cracks and pores in underground soil and rock layers.
Permeable The ability of rock or sediment to let fluids pass through its open spaces, or pores.
Impermeable Describes something that does not allow water to pass through.
Pores Tiny openings in and between particles of rock and soil that may contain air or water.
Aquifer Any underground layer of rock that holds water.
Water Table Top of the saturated zone(tells you how deep to dig in order to reach water).
Saturated Zone Area totally filled with water(this is where groundwater is found).
Watershed The area of land that is drained by a river system.
Drought A long period when rainfall is less than average.
Water Conservation Is the most cost-effective and environmentally sound way to reduce our demand for water.
Salinity A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount of liquid.
Coriolis Effect The curving of the path of a moving object from an otherwise straight path due to the Earth's rotation.
Spring Tide A tide of increased range that occurs two times a month, at the new and full moons.
Neap Tide A tide of minimum range that occurs during the first and third quarters of the moon.
Crest The highest point of a wave.
Trough The lowest point of a wave.
Wavelength The distance from any point on a wave to an identical point on the next wave.
Wave height The vertical distance from the crest of a wave to the trough.
Wave frequency The frequency of a wave is the number of waves passing a point in certain time.
Continental Shelf The gently sloping section of the continental margin located between the shoreline and the continental slope.
Continental Slope The steeply inclined section of the continental. Margin located between the continental rise and the continental shelf.
Abyssal Plain A large, flat, almost level area of the deep-ocean basin.
Seamount A submerged mountain on the ocean floor that is at least 1,000m high and that has a volcanic origin.
Volcanic Island Seamounts that come above the ocean surface.
Trench A deep canyon in the ocean floor.
Mid-Ocean Ridge The undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced; a divergent plate boundary.
Created by: mayawbee