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Foundations

Unit A

QuestionAnswer
a condition in which the body temperature is not elevated afebrile
absence of breathing apnea
force of blood against arterial walls blood pressure
slow heart rate bradycardia:
slow rate of breathing bradypnea:
least amount of pressure exerted on arterial walls, which occurs when the heart is at rest between ventricular contractions diastolic pressure:
difficult or labored breathing dyspnea:
an abnormal cardiac rhythm dysrhythmia:
normal respirations eupnea:
condition in which the body temperature is elevated febrile:
elevation above the upper limit of normal body temperature; synonym for pyrexia fever:
blood pressure elevated above the upper limit of normal hypertension:
high body temperature hyperthermia:
blood pressure below the lower limit of normal hypotension:
low body temperature hypothermia:
series of sounds that correspond to changes in blood flow through an artery as pressure is released Korotkoff sounds:
type of dyspnea in which breathing is easier when the patient sits or stands orthopnea:
temporary fall in blood pressure associated with assuming an upright position; synonym for postural hypotension orthostatic hypotension:
wave produced in the wall of an artery with each beat of the heart pulse:
difference between the apical and radial pulse rates pulse deficit:
difference between systolic and diastolic pressures pulse pressure:
gas exchange between the atmospheric air in the alveoli and blood in the capillaries respiration:
highest point of pressure on arterial walls when the ventricles contract systolic pressure:
rapid heart rate tachycardia:
rapid rate of breathing tachypnea:
refers to the hotness or coldness of a substance temperature:
body temperature, pulse and respiratory rates, and blood pressure; synonym for cardinal signs vital signs:
to systematically and continuously collect, validate, and communicate patient data assess:
the set of intellectual, interpersonal, technical, and ethical/legal capacities needed to practice professional nursing blended competencies:
refers to the result (outcome) of critical thinking or clinical reasoning; the conclusion, decision, or opinion a nurse makes clinical judgment:
a specific term referring to ways of thinking about patient care issues (determining, preventing, & managing patient problems); for reasoning about other clinical issues ( teamwork, collaboration & streamlining work flow); nurses usually use critical thin clinical reasoning:
instructional strategy that requires learners to identify, graphically display, and link key concepts concept mapping:
a process involving imagination, intuition, and spontaneity—factors that underpin the art of nursing creative thinking:
thought that is disciplined, comprehensive, based on intellectual standards, and, as a result, well-reasoned; a systematic way to form and shape one’s thinking that functions purposefully and exactingly critical thinking:
evidence-based descriptions of behaviors that demonstrate the knowledge, characteristics, and skills that promote critical thinking in clinical practice critical thinking indicators:
purposeful, goal-directed effort applied in a systematic way to make a choice among alternatives decision making:
measurement of the extent to which the patient has achieved the goals specified in the plan of care; factors that positively or negatively influence goal achievement are identified, and the plan of care is terminated or revised evaluate:
specific, measurable criteria used to evaluate whether the patient goal has been met expected outcomes:
carry out the plan of care implement:
direct understanding of a situation based on a background of experience, knowledge, and skill that makes expert decision making possible intuitive problem solving:
actual or potential health problem that an independent nursing intervention can prevent or resolve. Actual problem is present. Possible problem may be present, but more data are needed to confirm or disconfirm the problem. Potential problem may occur; def nursing diagnoses:
five-step systematic method for giving patient care; involves assessing, diagnosing, planning, implementing, and evaluating nursing process:
establish patient goals to prevent, reduce, or resolve the problems identified in the nursing diagnoses and determination of related nursing interventions person-centered care plan:
stands for Quality and Safety Education for Nurses, a project for preparing future nurses with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs) necessary to continuously improve the quality and safety of the health care systems within which they work QSEN:
occurs when the caregiver has a profound awareness of self, and one’s own biases, prejudgments, prejudices, and assumptions, and understands how these may affect the therapeutic relationship reflective practice:
systematic problem-solving process that involves (1) problem identification, (2) data collection, (3) hypothesis formulation, (4) plan of action, (5) hypothesis testing, (6) interpretation of results, and (7) evaluation resulting in conclusion or revision scientific problem solving:
clear, precise, specific, accurate, relevant, plausible, consistent, logical, deep, broad, complete, significant, adequate (for the purpose), and fair therapeutic relationship standards for critical thinking:
: the care of a patient by a clinician who utilizes clinical reasoning and reflective practice to guide thoughtful actions and person-centered processes of care thoughtful practice
method of problem solving that involves testing any number of solutions until one is found that works for that particular problem trial-and-error problem solving:
Created by: klmd3014