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209endocrine

Ch 36-38

QuestionAnswer
Pituitary Adenoma Insulin antagonist, excessive GH leading to ACROMEGALY
Diabetes Insipidus Decreased ADH; produces large amounts of urine, fluid volume deficient; Tx- Desmopressin, VS, I
SIADH Increased ADH, fluid retention, hyponatremia, P/T- restrict fluid intake
Hyperthyroidism Graves' disease, increased TSH; weight loss, exophthalmos; radioactive iodine/ablation therapy
Thyroidectomy Tracheostomy set at bedside
Thyroid Storm Sudden and extreme elevation of all body processes
Hypothyroidism Decreased TSH; decreased appetite & weight gain; Levothyroxine treatment; avoid rushing the Pt
Levothyroxine Gradually increase until proper level reached, take on empty stomach, same time each day
Hypoparathyroidism Decreased calcium; Dx-EEG, serum calcium levels; Tx- Ca gluconate
Pheochromocytoma Adrenal medulla tumor; sever HTN, malaise, vulnerable to cardiac dysrhythmias; replacement hormone therapy
Adrenal Insufficiency Decreased cortisol resulting in decreased vascular tone, hypotension
Cushing Syndrome Increased ACTH; moon face, buffalo hump, hirsutism; diet low in sodium, high in potassium
Anterior Pituitary Growth Hormone
Anterior Pituitary Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
Anterior Pituitary Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Anterior Pituitary Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Anterior Pituitary Lutenizing Hormone
Anterior Pituitary Prolactin
Posterior Pituitary Antidiuretic Hormone
Posterior Pituitary Oxytocin
Calcitonin Decreased blood calcium by inhibiting bone breakdown
PTH Increased blood calcium
Adrenal Cortex Mineralocorticoids(aldosterone), Glucocorticoids(cortisol)
Endocrine Disorders Medications, Trauma, Hormone therapy
Pituitary Adenoma Increased GH (acromegaly)
Diabetes Insipidus Decreased ADH
SIADH Increased ADH (Fluid excess)
Hyperthyroidism Increased TSH (Graves')
Hypothyroidism Decreased TSH
Hyperparathyroidism Increased PTH (increased Ca)
Hypoparathyroidism Decreased PTH (decreased Ca)
Adrenalcortical Insufficiency Decreased ACTH, Decreased Cortisol (Addison's)
Cushings Increased ACTH
Thyroid Scans Radioactive iodine uptake
Hypophysectomy Removal of pituitary
Created by: ryanmoore7777