Normal Size Small Size show me how
|one of the electrically charged particles formed in a gas by electric discharge or the like.
|a solid body having a characteristic internal structure and enclosed by symmetrically arranged plane surfaces, intersecting at definite and characteristic angles.
|not having the structure or organization characteristic of living bodies
|any of a class of substances occurring in nature, usually comprising inorganic substances, as quartz or feldspar, of definite chemical composition and usually of definite crystal structure.
|any of the largest group of mineral compounds, as quartz, beryl, garnet, feldspar, mica, and various kinds of clay, consisting of SiO 2 or SiO 4 groupings and one or more metallic ions, with some forms containing hydrogen.
|the tendency of crystals, certain minerals, rocks, etc., to break in preferred directions so as to yield more or less smooth surfaces
|he state or quality of being dense; compactness; closely set or crowded condition
|the act of breaking; state of being broken
|the comparative ability of a substance to scratch or be scratched by another
|the state or quality of shining by reflecting light; glitter, sparkle, sheen, or gloss
|the line of powder obtained by scratching a mineral or rubbing it upon a hard, rough white surface, often differing in color from the mineral in the mass, and serving as an important distinguishing character
|the molten, fluid rock that issues from a volcano or volcanic vent
|molten material beneath or within the earth's crust, from which igneous rock is formed.
|mineral matter of variable composition, consolidated or unconsolidated, assembled in masses or considerable quantities in nature, as by the action of heat or water
|a body or mass of igneous rock, deposited mineral, or the like occupying a crevice or fissure in rock; lode
|a precious or semiprecious stone that can be cut and polished for use as a gem
|a mineral or natural product serving as a source of some nonmetallic substance, as sulfur
|A mineral or an aggregate of minerals from which a valuable constituent, especially a metal, can be profitably mined or extracted
|to form into crystals; cause to assume crystalline form
|Rocks formed by the cooling and solidifying of molten materials. Igneous rocks can form beneath the Earth's surface, or at its surface, as lava
|Rock that was once one form of rock but has changed to another under the influence of heat, pressure, or some other agent without passing through a liquid phase
|a change in the structure or constitution of a rock due to natural agencies, as pressure and heat, especially when the rock becomes harder and more completely crystalline
|to fall to the earth's surface as a condensed form of water; to rain, snow, hail, drizzle, etc
|a continuous process by which rocks are created, changed from one form to another, destroyed, and then formed again
|mineral or organic matter deposited by water, air, or ice
|Rock that has formed through the deposition and solidification of sediment, especially sediment transported by water (rivers, lakes, and oceans), ice (glaciers), and wind. Sedimentary rocks are often deposited in layers, and frequently contain fossils
|to deposit as sediment
|noting or pertaining to a class of igneous rocks that have been forced out in a molten or plastic condition upon the surface of the earth.
|having been forced between preexisting rocks or rock layers while in a molten or plastic condition. noting or pertaining to plutonic rocks.
|extrusive igneous rock solidified near or on the surface of the Earth
|the heating of two substances in contact in order to effect some change in one of them, especially, the formation of steel by heating iron in powdered charcoal.
|the process or processes by which unconsolidated materials are converted into coherent solid rock, as by compaction or cementation
|noting or pertaining to a class of chemical compounds that formerly comprised only those existing in or derived from plants or animals, but that now includes all other compounds of carbon
|a form of lamination produced in rocks by metamorphism