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Unit 5 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Ion an electrically charged atom or group of atoms formed by the loss or gain of one or more electrons
Crystal the transparent form of crystallized quartz.
Inorganic not consisting of or deriving from living matter.
Mineral A mineral is a naturally occurring substance, representable by a chemical formula, that is usually solid and inorganic, and has a crystal structure
Silicates a salt in which the anion contains both silicon and oxygen
Cleavage a sharp division; a split.
Crystallization Crystallization is also a chemical solid–liquid separation technique, in which mass transfer of a solute from the liquid solution to a pure solid crystalline phase occurs.
Igneous Rock produced under conditions involving intense heat, as rocks of volcanic origin or rocks crystallized from molten magma.
Metamorphic Rock Rock that was once one form of rock but has changed to another under the influence of heat, pressure, or some other agent without passing through a liquid phase.
Metamorphism a change in the structure or constitution of a rock due to natural agencies, as pressure and heat, especially when the rock becomes harder and more completely crystalline.
Precipitate When the reaction occurs in a liquid solution, the solid formed is called the 'precipitate'.
Rock Cycle an idealized cycle of processes undergone by rocks in the earth's crust, involving igneous intrusion, uplift, erosion, transportation, deposition as sedimentary rock, metamorphism, remelting, and further igneous intrusion.
Density the degree of compactness of a substance.
Fracture the cracking or breaking of a hard object or material.
Hardness the quality or condition of being hard.
Luster a thin coating containing unoxidized metal that gives an iridescent glaze to ceramics.
Streak The color of a mineral when powdered and observed against an white porcelain plate.
Lava ot liquid rock that flows from a volcano, or this rock when it has become solid
Sediment Sediment is a naturally occurring material that is broken down by processes of weathering and erosion, and is subsequently transported by the action of wind, water, or ice, and/or by the force of gravity acting on the particles.
Sedimentary Rock Rock that has formed through the deposition and solidification of sediment
Sedimention he natural process in which material (such as stones and sand) is carried to the bottom of a body of water and forms a solid layer
Extrusive relating to or formed by geological extrusion from the earth in a molten state or as volcanic ashany formation of intrusive igneous rock
Intrusive any formation of intrusive igneous rock; rock formed from magma that cools and solidifies within the crust of the planet.
Volcanic Rock rock formed from magma erupted from a volcano.
Magma hot fluid material below or within the earth's crust from which lava and other igneous rock is formed by cooling.
Rock he solid mineral material forming part of the surface of the earth and other similar planets, exposed on the surface or underlying the soil or oceans.
Vein a fracture in rock containing a deposit of minerals or ore and typically having an extensive course underground.
Gemstone a precious or semiprecious stone, especially one cut, polished, and used in a piece of jewelry.
Ore a naturally occurring solid material from which a metal or valuable mineral can be profitably extracted.
Ore Deposit ore deposit is an accumulation of ore.
Cementation the binding together of particles or other things by cement.
Lithification is the process in which sediments compact under pressure, expel fluids, and gradually become solid rock.
Organic of, relating to, or derived from living matter.
Foliation the process of being split into thin sheets or laminae.
Created by: DylanMcCarty22