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LS FBTP Chapter 2

Protists, Fungi, Lichens

TermDefinition
Protist Single-celled eukaryotes that do not form tissues.
"True" Protists Photosynthetic Protists.
Autotrophs Creatures that make their own food.
Heterotrophs Creatures that eat autotrophs or other heterotrophs.
Algae Water-dwellers.
Ciliate A creature that is motile by means of cilia.
Cilia Tiny, paddle-like structures used for locomotion.
Flagellate A creature that is motile by means of flagella.
Flagellum Whip-like tail used for locomotion.
Pseudopod "False Foot". An extension of the cell membrane and cytoplasm of a creature for locomotion.
Protozoan "Animal-like" Protists. Heterotrophs.
Hyphae Many-celled, thread-like tubes which make up a fungus
Saprophyte A creature that eats dead and decaying things
Spore A water-proof single cell that can grow into a new organism. In fungi, these cells are haploid.
Basidium Means "club"
Basidiomycota Club fungi
Ascus Means "sac"
Ascomycota Sac Fungi
Sporangium A structure found on many fungi which produces spores
Lichen Symbiotic mutualism between a fungus and a photosynthetic algae or bacterium
Mycorrhizae Symbiotic mutualism between a fungus and a plant at the roots.
Plasmogamy The joining of the cytoplasm of two cells
Karyogamy The fusion of two nuclei
Mycelium A mass of branching, thread-like hyphae composing the body of a fungus.
Chitin A tough, semitransparent substance that is the main component of the cell walls of certain fungi.
Obligate Necessary. Required for survival.
Facultative Optional. Not required for survival.
Endo Inside of
Exo Outside of
Symbiosis Close and often long-term interaction between two different biological species
Mutualism Both symbionts benefit
Parasitism One symbiont benefits, the other is harmed
Commensalism One symbiont benefits, the other is indifferent
Amensalism One symbiont is harmed or obliterated, the other is indifferent
Synnecrosis Both symbionts are harmed
Zygosporangium Product of sexual reproduction in the phylum Zygomycota. This structure produces haploid spores which are genetically distinct from parent cells.
Agaricus brunescens * Store-bought mushrooms. A member of basidiomycota
Calvatia gigantea Puffballs. Members of basidiomycota
Saccharomyces cerevisiae * Baker's Yeast. A member of ascomycota
Morchella esculentoides Morels. A member of ascomycota
Tuber uncinatum Truffles. A member of ascomycota
Rhizopus stolonifer * Bread Mold. A member of Zygomycota
Tinea Pedis Causitive agent of athlete's foot.
Deuteromycota A now-defunct phylum which included the "imperfect" fungi.
Created by: MrGross