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SLS Bio12enzymeEVV

SLS Bio12 enzyme EVV

QuestionAnswer
Activation energy the minimum energy which must be available to a chemical system with potential reactants to result in a chemical reaction.
biochemical reaction he transformation of one molecule to a different molecule inside a cell. Biochemical reactions are mediated by enzymes, which are biological catalysts that can alter the rate and specificity of chemical reactions inside cells.
coenzyme small molecules. They cannot by themselves catalyze a reaction but they can help enzymes to do so.
competitive inhibitor a form of enzyme inhibition where binding of the inhibitor to the active site on the enzyme prevents binding of the substrate
enzyme biological molecules (proteins) that act as catalysts and help complex reactions occur
enzyme concentration the amount of enzyme in a reaction
heavy metals high density, toxic in large amounts
induced fit model Enzymes bind with substrates to keep all the necessary biochemical reactions in your body going at the proper pace. But each enzyme can only bind with one particular substrate.
metabolism the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of living organisms. These enzyme-catalyzed reactions allow organisms to grow and reproduce, maintain their structures, and respond to their environments.
non-competative inhibitor a type of enzyme inhibition where the inhibitor reduces the activity of the enzyme and binds equally well to the enzyme whether or not it has already bound the substrate.
pH a measure of how acidic/basic water is. The range goes from 0 - 14, with 7 being neutral.
substrate substrate is the chemical of interest that is being modified. an enzyme substrate is the material upon which an enzyme acts.
substrate concentration the amount of substrate or reactant
thyroid a large ductless gland in the neck that secretes hormones regulating growth and development through the rate of metabolism.
thyroxin s a hormone sectreted by the thyroid gland, which is an endocrine gland in the human body
vitamins an organic compound and a vital nutrient that an organism requires in limited amounts
Created by: evanvliet