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CP organics quiz

16

QuestionAnswer
Carbohydrates biomolecules made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Glucose and fructose are examples.
Glucose simple sugars. Important carbohydrates. Cells use these as their primary energy sources.
Proteins essential to life, provide structure for tissues and organs and they carry out cell metabolism. They are made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. They are made of building blocks of amino acids.
Denatures when a reaction stops working because it becomes too hot or acidic.
Catalyst another term for enzyme because it speeds up chemical reactions.
Nucleic acids organic molecules that store cellular genetic information in a code. DNA and RNA are examples.
Steroids made of 4 rings of carbons. Cholesterol, sex hormones, birth control...
Activation energy energy needed to get a reaction started.
Lipid large biomolecule made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Wax, fat, oils, and steroids are examples.
Glycogen Serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi. Animals store it in the liver and muscles. They serve as secondary long term energy storage
Hemoglobin in red blood cells. It carries oxygen from the lungs to other tissues in the body.
Cellulose long chain of glucose. In cell walls of plants. It gives them structure and support.
Active site location in which a substrate and an enzyme come together like a lock and key.
Insulin small protein hormone, lowers blood sugar.
Enzymes important proteins that change the rates of chemical reactions.
Starch potatoes. Most common carbohydrate in the human diet.
Created by: nbctbio