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Respiration Quiz

Stuff from Respiration hws

QuestionAnswer
What is the chemical formula for cellular respiration? C6H12O6 + 6O2 ---> 6CO2 + 6H2O + 36 ATP
what is the function of cellular respiration? change high energy electrons of food into lower energy ATP's
define high energy electron electron found in bond between hydrogen and carbon atom, far away from the nucleus. High energy
Where are these electrons found? far from nucleus in bond between hydrogen and carbon atom
anaerobic reaction don't use oxygen to release energy from glucose
aerobic reaction use oxygen to release energy from glucose
which produce more energy? aerobic
What does glycolisis use? anaerobic
where does glycoslis occur? cytoplasm
what are the types of energy molecules created in glycoloisis? ATP and coenzymes
how many coenzymes and atp are created in glycolosis 2
what needs to be available in the cell for pyruvate to enter the mitochondria? oxygen
what does aerobic respiration convert pyruvate into? carbon dioxide, water, energy (coenzyme NADH and FADH2) and 34-36 ATP
what are the two main purposes of the Krebs Cycle? get rid of carbon dioxide, and make coenzymes
what is the reactant that enters glycolosis glucose
what energy is added to start glycolosis 2 atp
what are the energy products of glycolosis 4 atp 2 coenzymes
where does the krebs cycle occur mitochondria
what reactant enters krebs cycle pyruvate
what is the low energy product of krebs cycle CO2
what is the high energy products of krebs cycle coenzymes, atp
glycolosis splits glucose in half into two... pyruvate
glycolisis occurs in the________ no _____________ is used this is ______________ process cytoplasm, oxygen, anaerobic
how many net atp does glycolisis produce? 2
coenzymes temporarilly carry________________________ that will be changed into___________ the cell can use high energy electrons, ATP
what kind of respiration occurs when the two pyruvates enter the mitochondria? aerobic
what kind of process is the krebs cycle aerobic
glycolisis produces ___________ pyruvates so the Pre krebs and krebs cycle will occur________ two, twice
how does carbon leave the krebs cycle and mitochondria? combines with oxygen, diffuses into bloodstream, diffuses into lungs, diffuses into air. (breathed out)
what is the last step of cellular respiration? electron transport chain
what proteins are the membranes inside the mitochondria embedded with? proton pumps
how to proton pumps work? proton pumps use high energy electrons to pump protons through the membrane from low to high concentration
what kind of transport is the electron transport chain? active
_______________ NAD and FAHD2 drop off _____________________________ at the first of three _______________ coenzymes, high energy electrons, proton pumps
as the high energy electron pass through the proton pump it....... pumps protons across a membrane from low to high concentration
what is the membrane protein that the protons squeeze through called? ATP synthase
what does ATP synthase do? uses the force of a proton passing through the membrane to attach a phosphate to ADP making it ATP
as the elctron goes through the proton pump it___________ energy loses
(after ETC) this low energy electron attaches to ____________ which picks up 2________________ and is converted into water oxygen, free floating hydrogen protons
Created by: edenbreslauer