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Foundations

FII: CH 19 Key Terms

TermDefinition
ageism a form of prejudice, like racism, in which older adults are stereotyped by characteristics found in only a few members of their group
Alzheimers Disease The most common degenerative neurologic illness and the most common cause of cognitive impairment; irreversible and progresses from deficits in memory and thinking skills to an eventual inability to perform even the simplest of tasks
cascade iatrogenesis medical or nursing intervention can trigger a sequence of adverse events in a frail older adult; downward spiral and decline
delirium a temporary state of confusion is an acute illness that can last from hours to weeks and resolve with treatment
dementia refers to various organic disorders that progressively affect cognitive functioning; chronic and usually develops gradually
functional health the ability to carry out usual and desired daily activities
gerontologic nursing combines the basic knowledge and skills of nursing with a specialized knowledge of aging in both illness and health
gerontology the scientific and behavioral study of all aspects of aging and its consequences
life review/reminiscence a way for an older adult to relive and restructure life experiences and is part of achieving ego integrity
middle adult years are generally considered to be ages 40-65; period of gradual, individualized changes in both physical and psychosocial dimensions
older adult person older than 65 years of age
polypharmacy the use of many medications at the same time; poses hazards for older adults
reality orientation involves interventions to redirect the patients attention to what is real in the environment
social isolation sense of being alone and lonely as a result of having fewer meaningful relationships
sundowning syndrome an older adult habitually becomes confused, restless, and agitated after dark
genetic theory holds that lifespan depends to a great extent on genetic factors
immunity theory focuses on the functions of the immune system
immunosenescence age-associated changes in the immune system
cross-linkage theory a chemical reaction that produces damage to the DNA and cell death
free radical theory molecules with separated high-energy electrons, which can have adverse effects on adjacent molecules
young old adult ages 60 to 74
middle old adult ages 75 to 84
old old adult ages 85 and older
sarcopenia loss of muscle mass
sarcopenic obesity muscle loss combined with an increase in body fat
cognition indicates cerebral functioning including the ability to perceive and understand one's world
PACE Program of All-inclusive Care for the Elderly
NORCs Naturally Occurring Retirement Communities
REACH Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health
SPICES S-Sleep Disorders P-Problems with eating or feeding I-Incontinence C-Confustion E-Evidence of falls S-Skin breakdown
ABCDE Awakening and Breathing coordination Careful sedation Delirium Early progressive mobility
Geriatric Depression Scale 15 question screening tool, can be used effectively in older adults in any setting. combined with mental health assessment.
EAI Elder Assesment Instrument; allows practicing nurses to screen for maltreatment in suspected cases. an interview and physical assessment
Geriatrics the branch of medicine that focuses on the study of health and disease later in life
Created by: Slmallory83