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Bio Standard B.9(A)

compare the structures and functions of different types of biomolecules...

TermDefinition
Structure the arrangement of and relations between the parts or elements of something complex.
Function an activity or purpose natural to or intended for a person or thing.
Biomolecule molecule that is present in living organisms, including large macromolecules such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids, as well as small molecules such as primary metabolites, secondary metabolites, and natural products.
Carbohydrate organic compound containing carbon, hydrogenm and oxygen in a ratio of one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms for each carbon atom.
Lipid hydrophobic biological molecule composed mostly of carbon and hydrogen; fats, oils, and waxes
Protein organic compound made of amino acids joined by peptide bonds; primary building block of organisms.
Nucleic acid complex macromolecule that stores and communicates genetic information.
Metabolize to change (food) into a form that can be used by your body : to process and use (substances brought into your body) by metabolism
Energy The capacity or power to do work, such as the capacity to move an object (of a given mass) by the application of force.
Nitrogen the chemical element of atomic number 7, a colorless, odorless unreactive gas that forms about 78 percent of the earth's atmosphere.
Phosphate an inorganic chemical and a salt of phosphoric acid. In organic chemistry, a phosphate, or organophosphate, is an ester of phosphoric acid.
Polysaccharide any of a class of carbohydrates whose molecules contain chains of monosaccharide molecules
Polymer large molecule formed from smaller repeating units of identical, or nearly identical, compounds linked by covalent bonds.
Dehydration synthesis The monomers combine with each other via covalent bonds to form larger molecules known as polymers. In doing so, monomers release water molecules as byproducts.
Amino acid carbon compound joined by peptide bonds; building block of proteins.
Peptide bond is a covalent chemical bond formed between two amino acid molecules.
Fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
Created by: sstall