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Cr - Legal Words 1

First set of Vocabulary words for Criminal Training

TermDefinition
Appearance A coming into court as a party or interested person, or as a lawyer on behalf of a party or interested person.
Appearance Bond Type of bail bond required to insure presence of a defendant in criminal case.
Arraignment Procedure whereby the accused is brought before the court to plead to the criminal charge in the indictment or information.
Arrest Warrant A writ directing or authorizing someone to do an act, especially one directing a law enforcement officer to make an arrest, a search or a seizure.
Bond A written promise to pay money or do some act if certain circumstances occur or a certain time elapses.
Bail bond A bond given to a court by a criminal defendant's surety, guaranteeing that the defendant will duly appear in the future.
Charge Accusation of a crime by a formal complaint, information or indictment.
Detention Hearing Judicial or quasi judicial proceeding used to determine the propriety of detaining a person on bail or a juvenile in a shelter facility.
Excludable Delay The Speedy Trial Act lists a number of events that make it impossible to indict a defendant or being a defendant's trial within the timed periods required by the Act. These events are referred to as "Excludables".
Ex Parte A proceeding brought before a court by one party only, without notice to or challenge by the other side.
Guilty Plea When the defendant enters a guilty please, the defendant waives the right to a trial and admits committing the offense. If the court accepts the defendant's guilty plea, the case proceeds to sentencing.
Initial Appearance A criminal defendant's first appearance in court to hear the charges read, to be advised of his or her rights, and to have bail determined.
Personal Recognizance Pretrial release based on the person's own promise that he will show up for trial (no bond required).
Plea In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges.
Preliminary Examination A hearing held in felony cases prior to indictment during with the government is required to produce sufficient evidence to establish that there is probably cause to believe (a) that a crime has been committed and that (b) the defendant committed it.
Presentence Report A report prepared by a court's probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence.
Pretrial Diversion Defendants in criminal cases are referred to community agencies prior to trial while their criminal trials are held in abeyance. If defendant responds successfully within a specified period, the charges are commonly dismissed.
Probable Cause having more evidence for than against. A reasonable ground for belief in the existence of facts warranting the proceedings complained of.
Proffer To offer or tender, as, the production of a document and offer of the same in evidence.
Removal Petition The charging document provided by the U.S. Attorney's Office when a defendant is arrested in a district other than where the offense was allegedly committed.
Search Warrant An order in writing, issued by a justice or other magistrate judge authorizing law enforcement officer to search for and seize any property that constitutes evidence of the commission of a crime, contraband, the fruits of a crime, etc.
Secured Bond A bond backed by some type of security
Seizure (warrant) The act of taking possession of property for a violation of law or by virtue of an execution.
Speedy Trial Act of 1974 A federal statue establishing time limits for carrying out the majjor events in the prosecution of federal criminal crimes.
Stand Mute A person who stands silent when required to answer or plead. When stated the court will automatically enter a plea of not guilty.
Third Party Custodian a designated person who agrees to assume supervision and to report any violation of a release condition to the court.
Without Prejudice Without loss of any rights; in a way that does not harm or cancel the legal rights or privileges of a party.
With Prejudice With loss of all rights; in a way that finally disposes of a party's claim and bars any future action on that claim.
Writ An order issued for a court requiring the performance of a specified act, or giving authority to have it done.
Created by: TrainerKLC