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Courts 2

pg. 511-14

2) 1a. How was the SC created? The Constitution specified that there would be a SC.
2) 1b. How were the "lower federal courts" created? It was left up to Congress, who in 1789 created the lower federal courts
2) 2. What are the three "levels" of the federal or "constitutional" courts? district, courts of appeals, and the SC
2) 3. Contrast original and appellate jurisdiction. Original - hear a case first and determine the facts about a case (90%). Appellate - hear cases brought to them on appeal from a lower court. Do not review the factual record, only the legal issues involved.
2) 4a. What is the "entry point" of the federal courts? district courts
2) 4b. How many of these courts are there and what is true of where they are located? 91, with at least 1 in each state, 1 in DC, and 1 in Puerto Rico
2) 4c. What is their jurisdiction (original or appellate)? original
2) 4d. They are the only federal courts which do what two things? hold trials and impanel judges
2) 4e. In total, approximately how many federal district judges are there? 675
2) 5a. What is true of 98% of criminal cases? 98% are heard in state and local court systems, not in federal courts.
2) 5b. How do most federal criminal cases end? Many don't have a trial, and most enter guilty pleas as part of a bargain to receive a lighter punishment
2) 6. Provide two responsibilities of the federal district courts. supervision of bankruptcy proceedings and admiralty and maritime law cases.
2) 7. Explain the role of U.S. attorneys. Prosecute violations of federal law and represent the US government in civil cases.
2) 8a. What are the US court of appeals empowered to do? Review all final decisions of district courts (except when the law provides for direct review by the SC
2) 8b. How many US courts of appeal exist? (judicial circuits) 12 judicial circuits
2) 8c. In total, how many federal judges are there in the US court of appeals? 179 federal judges
2) 8d. Using figure 15.2, explain what is true of the areas covered by the federal appeals courts. They vary considerably in size.
2) 8e. What is the jurisdiction of the courts of appeals (original or appellate); what do they not do? appellate; they do not hold trials or hear testimony
2) 8f. California is covered by the (what) circuit court of appeals? 9
2) 8g. How many states does the above cover (California is covered by the (what) circuit court of appeals?)? 8
Created by: Matti