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Chapter 21

Nurse Aide

TermDefinition
Abduction moving a body part away from the mid-line of the body
Adduction moving a body part toward the mid-line of the body
Amputation the surgical removal of an extremity
Arthritis a general term that refers to inflammation of joints
Bones rigid connective tissue that make up the skeleton
Bursitis a condition in which the bursae become inflamed and painful
Cartilage protective substance that covers the ends of bones
Flexion bending a body part
Fracture a broken bone
Full weight-bearing (FWB) ability to support full body weight on both legs
Joints the points where two bones meet
Ligaments strong bands of fibrous connective tissue
Muscles groups of tissue that contract and relax
Non weight-bearing (NWB) person is unable to touch the floor or support any weight
Muscular dystrophy inherited, progressive disease that causes a gradual wasting of muscle
Osteoarthritis affects weight-baring joints
Osteoporosis bones become brittle and weak
Partial weight-bearing (PWB) person is able to support some body weight, one or both legs
Phantom limb pain pain in a limb that has been amputated
Prosthesis artificial device that replaces a body part
Rheumatoid arthritis arthritis in joints, red, swollen, very painful
Tendons tough fibrous bands that connect muscle to bone
Total hip replacement surgical replacement of the head of the femur
Total knee replacement surgical replacement of a damaged/painful knee
Sling bandage or piece of material for holding and supporting a forearm
Created by: hcps-jamesnc