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Anatomical Direction

HS 3

TermDefinition
anatomical position reference position that gives meaning to the directional terms used to describe body parts and regions
anatomical position erect or standing position with arms at the sides and palms turned foward
left to the left of the subject's body
right to the right of the subjects body
lateral toward the side; away from the midsagittal plane
medial toward the midsagittal plane; away from the side
anterior toward the front
posterior toward the back (rear)
superior toward the top of the body
inferior toward the bottom of the body
dorsal along or toward the vertebral surface of the body
ventral along/toward the belly surface of the body
caudal toward the tail
cephalad toward the head
proximal toward the trunk, describes relative position in a limb or other appendage
distal away from the trunk or point of attachment
visceral toward an internal organ; away from the outer wall, describes positions inside a body cavity
parietal toward the wall;away from the internal structures
deep toward the inside of a part; away from the surface
superficial toward the surface of a part; away from the inside
medullary refers to an inner region,or medulla
cortical refers to an outer region, or cortex
supine the body is lying face upward
prone the body is lying face downward
sagittal cut or section that is lengthwise plane running from front to back
midsagittal a lengthwise plane that divides the body into two equal halves
frontal plane that is lengthwise running from side to side
coronal another name for frontal
transverse horizontal or crosswise plane
Created by: MoGibbs