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Nature of Science

TermDefinition
Descriptive Law the least valuable type of evidence you can gain from scientific investigation
Baloney detection kit A way to identify valid science
Anti-science Based on cultural norms, personal bias, and popular ideas
Theory descriptive generalization about how some aspect of the natural world behaves
Junk Science Study that isn't supported with insufficient data
Darwin's Theory of Evolution Law which changed into a theory
Ethics of a proposed experiment can be explored using deontogical or utilitarian systmes. True or false? True
Any claim can be a hypothesis. True or false? False
A scientific statement is considered true if all attempts to falsify it have failed. True or false? True
Attitudes and opinions can influece the interpretation of the results of a study. True or false? True
A hypothesis eventually becomes a theory. True or false? False
Failed experiments sometimes help you come to the correct hypothesis. True or false? True
Evidence logically follows from inference. True or false? True
With even fragmentary evidence, we can often construct a coherent and reasonable conclusion. True or false? True
What are 2 or 3 things scientifically literate people should be able to do? Support reasonable and coherent studies, and remain unbiased during investigation
What criteria/characteristics in the BDK help you distinguish valid from invalid science? No authority, can be repeated, not based solely on influence, testable and falsifiable
Does correlation mean cause and effect? No
What are the 4 criteria for a scientific experiment? Based on evidence, valid hypothesis, unbiased, conclusion must be valid
Inductive reasoning Goes from specific pieces of information to an explanation or inference of general phenomenon
Deductive reasoning From general phenomenon to hypothesis to specific information
Psuedoscience either not falsifialbe or not testable
Created by: ybueno