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Intro into law and public safety

TermDefinition
Misdemeanor What is a less serious crime punishable by a fine or by jail fot no more than 1 year
Jurisdiction The authority of a court to hear and decide cases
original jurisdiction the authority of a court to hear a case when it is first brought to court
appellate jurisdiction the power of a court to review a case for errors of law
General jurisdiction the power of a court to hear any types of cases
special jurisdiction the power of a court to hear only certain kinds of cases
subject matter jurisdiction the power of a court to hear a particular type of case
personal jurisdiction a courts authority over the parties to a law suit
writ of cerrtiorari a written order from the U.S. supreme court to a lower court whose decision is being appealed to send the records of the case forward for review
writ of habeas corpus An order from a court to an officer of the law to produce a prisoner in court to determine if the prisoner is being legally detained or imprisoned
incapacitation The removal or restriction of the freedom of those found to have violated criminal laws
punishment the imposition of a penalty for criminal wrongdoing
Rehabilitation the attempt to correct the personality and behavior of convicted offenders through educational vocational or therapeutic treatment and to return them to society as law-abiding citizens
general deterrence the attempt to prevent people in general from engaging in crime by punishing specific individuals and making
nolle prosequi the notation placed on the official record of a case when prosecutors elect not to prosecute
Plea bargaining the practice whereby the prosecutor the defense attorney the defendant and in many jurisdictions the judge agree on a specific sentence to be imposed if the accused pleads guilty to an agreed upon charge or charges instead of going to trial
summary or bench trials trials without a jury
trial de novo a trial in which an entire case is reheard by trial court of general jurisdiction because there is an appeal and there is no written transcript of the earlier proceeding
due process of law the procedures followed by courts to ensure that a defendants constitutional rights are not violated
rules of discovery rules that mandate that a prosecutor provide defense counsel witth any exculpatory evidence(evidence favorable to the accused that has an effect on guilt or punishment) in the prosecutors possession
Created by: Jamaar Hicks
 

 



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