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the courts vocab

TermDefinition
Dual Court System The court system in the United States, consisting of one system of state and local courts and another system of federal courts.
Jurisdiction The authority of a court to hear and decide cases.
Original Jurisdiction The authority of a court to hear a case when its first brought to court.
Appellate Jurisdiction The power of a court to review a case for errors of law.
General Jurisdiction The power of a court to hear any type of case.
Special Jurisdiction The power of a court to hear only certain kinds of cases.
Subject Matter Jurisdiction The power of a court to hear a particular type of case.
Personal Jurisdiction A courts authority over the parties to a lawsuit.
Writ of Certiorari A written order, from the U.S. Supreme Court to a lower court whose decision is being appealed, send the records of the case forward for review.
Writ of habeas corpus An order from a court to an officer of the law to produce a prisoner on court to determine if the prisoner is being legally detained or imprisoned.
Summary or Bench Trials Trials without a jury
Trial De Novo A trial in which an entire case is reheard by a trial court of general jurisdiction because there is an appeal and there is no written transcript of the earlier proceeding.
Due Process of Law The procedures followed by courts to ensure that a defendant's constitutional rights are not violated.
Incapacitation The removal or restriction of the freedom of those found to have violated criminal laws.
Punishment The imposition of a penalty for criminal wrongdoing.
Created by: kennedy04