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Intro to Law& crimin

Basic Constitutional

TermDefinition
Dual Court System The court system in the U.S., consisting of one system of state and local courts and another system of federal courts.
jurisdiction the authority to hear and decide cases
original jurisdiction the authority of a court to hear a case when it is first brought to court.
appellate jurisdiction the power of a court to review a case for errors of law.
general jurisdiction the power of a court to hear any type of case
special jurisdiction the power of a court to hear only certain kinds of cases
subject matter jurisdiction the power of a court to hear a particular type of case.
writ of certiorari a written order from the U.S. Supreme Court to a lower court whose decision is being appealed, to send the records of case forward for review
writ of habeas corpus an order from a court to an officer of the law to produce a prisoner in court to determine if the prisoner is being legally detained or imprisoned
summary of bench trials trials without a jury
trial de novo a trial which the entire case is reheard by a trial court of general jurisdiction because there is an appeal
due process to law the procedures followed by courts to ensure that a defendant's constitutional rights are not violated.
incapacitation the removal or restriction of the freedom of those found to have violated criminal laws
punishment the imposition of a penalty for criminal wrongdoing
rehabilitation the attempt to "correct" the personality and behavior of convicted offenders through educational, vocational, or therapeutic treatment and to return them to socuety as law-abiding citizens
what % of poeple plea-bargain 90%
3 key actors in the court process defense attorney prosecutor judge
Nolle prosequi when prosecutors choose not to prosecute
what is PASS Pull Aim Squeeze Sweep
4th Amendment applies to a person who has reasonable expectation of privacy
A warrant clause must have probable cause place to be search person/evidence
double jeopardy cannot be tried twice for the same crime
Created by: gabbzii