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Meds key words

Absorbtion Process by which drugs are transferred from the site of entry into the body to the bloodstream.
Adverse drug effect Undesirable effects other than the intended theraputic effect of a drug.
Allergic effect Immune system response that occurs when the body interprets an administered drug as a foreign substance and forms a antibodies against the drug.
Ampule Glass flask containing a single dose of medication for parenteral administration.
Anaphylactic reaction/Anaphylaxis Severe reaction occurring immediately after exposure to a drug; characterized by respiratory distress and vascular collapse.
Antagonist effect Combined effect of two or more drugs that produces less than the effect of each drug alone.
Capsule Powder or gel form of an active drug in a gelatinous container; may also be called a liquigel.
Cumulative effect Condition that occurs when the body cannot metabolize a drug before additional doses are administered.
Distribution Movement of drugs by the circulatory system to the site of action.
Drug tolerance Tendency of the body to become accustomed to a drug over time; larger doses are required to produce the desired effects.
Elixir Medication in a clear liquid containing water, alcohol, sweeteners, and flavors.
Enteric coated A tablet or pill coated to prevent stomach irritation.
Excretion Removal of a drug from the body.
Extended release Preparation of a medication that allows for slow and continuous release over a predetermined period; may also be referred to as CR or CRT, SR, SA, LA or TR.
Generic name Name assigned by the manufacturer who first develops a drug; it is often derived from the chemical name.
Half-life The amount of time it takes for half a dose of a drug to be eliminated from the body.
Idiosyncratic effect (Paradoxical effect), is any unusual or peculiar response to a drug that may manifest itself by overresponse, underresponse, or even the opposite of the expected response.
Inhalation Administration of a drug in solution via the respiratory tract.
Intradermal injection Injection placed just below the epidermis.
Intramuscular injection An injection into deep muscle tissue, usually of the buttock, thigh or upper arm.
Intravenous route Injection of a solution into the vein.
Liniment Medication mixed with alcohol, oil or soap, which is rubbed on the skin.
Lotion Drug particles in a solution for topical use.
Lozenge Troche-Small oval, round, or oblong preparation containing a drug in a flavored or sweetened base, which dissolves in the mouth and releases the medication.
Metabolism Breakdown of a drug to an inactive form; also referred to as biotransformation.
Mini-infusion pump Battery-operated pump for intermittent infusion allowing medication mixed in a syringe to be connected to the primary line and delivered by mechanical pressure applied to the syringe plunger.
Official name Name by which a drug is identified in official publications.
Ointment Unction-Semisolid preparation containing a drug to be applied externally.
Parenteral Outside of intestines or alimentary canal; popularly used to refer to injection routes.
Peak level Highest plasma concentration of a drug.
Pharmacodynamics Process by which drugs alter cell physiology and affect the body.
Pharmacology Study of actions of chemicals on a living organisms.
Pharmacotherapeutic Dynamic that achieves the desired therapeutic effect of the drug without causing other undesirable effects.
Piggy back delivery system Intermittent IV administration of medications through a primary IV line, with the additive container positioned higher than the primary IV solution.
Pill Mixture of powdered drug with a cohesive material; may be round or oval.
Placebo Latin word for "I shall please"; an inactive substance that gives satisfaction to the person using it.
PRN order "as needed" order for medication.
Solution A drug dissolved in another substance.
Spansules Capsules containing medicines, coated with materials having slow dissolving rates so that the medicine is delivered at a time after the capsule is taken.
STAT order Single order carried out immediately.
Subcutaneous injection Injection into the subcutaneous tissue that lies between the underlying tissues of the body.
Suppository oval or cone-shaped substance that is inserted into a body cavity and that melts at body temperature.
Suspension Finely divided, undissolved particles in a liquid medium; should be shaken before use.
Synergistic effect Combined effect of two or more drugs is greater than the effect of each drug alone.
Syrup Medication combined in a water and sugar solution.
Tablet Small, solid dose of medication, compressed or molded; may be any color, size or shape; enteric coated tablets are coated with a substance that is insoluble in gastric acids to reduce gastric irritation by the drug.
Teratogenic Known to have potential to cause developmental defects in the embryo or fetus.
Therapeutic range That concentration of drug in the blood serum that produces the desired effect without causing toxicity.
Topical application Application of a substance directly to a body surface.
Toxic effect Specific groups of symptoms related to drug therapy that carry risk for permanent damage or death.
Trade name Drug name selected and trademarked by the company marketing the drug; also called brand name or proprietary name.
Transdermal patch Unit dose of medication applied directly to skin for diffusion through the skin and absorption into the bloodstream.
Trough level The point when a drug is at its lowest concentration.
Vial Glass bottle with self-sealing stopper through which medication is removed; may be single or multiple dose.
Volume-control administration set Intermittent intravenous medication infusion diluted with a small amount of solution.
Z-Track technique Technique used to administer medications intramuscularly that ensures that the medication does not leak back along the needle track and into the subcutaneous tissue, reducing pain and discomfort.
Created by: morgancoady