Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Chapter 10, Sec. 4

Vocab for 10.4 Biology

Anticodon A region of tRNA that consists of three bases complementary to the codon of mRNA
Codon In DNA, a three-nucleotide sequence that encodes an amino acid or signifies a start signal or a stop signal
Genetic code The rule that describes how a sequence of nucleotides, read in groups of three consecutive nucleotides (triplets) that correspond to specific amino acids, specifies the amino acid sequence of a protein
Genome The complete genetic material contained in an individual
Messenger RNA (mRNA) A single-stranded RNA molecule that encodes the information to make a protein
Promoter A nucleotide sequence on a DNA molecule to which an RNA polymerase molecule binds, which initiates the transcription of a specific gene
Protein synthesis The formation of proteins by using information contained in DNA and carried by mRNA
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) A natural polymer that is present in all living cells
Ribose A five-carbon sugar present in RNA
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) An organelle that contains most of the RNA in a cell
RNA polymerase An enzyme that starts (catalyzes) the formation of RNA by using a strand of a DNA molecule as a template
Termination signal A specific sequence of nucleotides that marks the end of a gene
Transcription The process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecule as a template; particularly the process of synthesizing RNA by using one strand of a DNA molecule as a template
Transfer RNA (tRNA) An RNA molecule that transfer amino acids to the growing end of a polypeptide chain during translation
Translation The portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosomes and that uses the codons in mRNA molecules to specify the sequence of amino acids in polypeptide chains
Created by: CareGraceR