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STNA words(O-R)

wrtten words

TermDefinition
objective based on facts. based on facts rather than feelings or opinions : not influenced by feelings.
objective data Data that you see, hear, smell, and touch.
OBRA Omnibus Budget reconciliation act. The act is the reason for the STNA training with a minimum of 75 hours training
official records A chart that can be used in the court room. a resident chart is a official record
ombudsman someone who supports or promotes the needs and interests of another person. A resident adovcate
open-ended questions Questions that are asking more than yes and no answers. eg. What did you do last night?
oral care Care given to the mouth. moisturizing, rinsing and brushing teeth.
oral hygiene Oral hygiene is the cleaning of the mouth and teeth ( mouth Care)
oral temperature temperature taken in the mouth under the tongue. Normal 98.6 F . 3mins with glass thermometer
orientation The introduction to facility, people, procedures and policies
oriented Alert and knowing your name, time, place, year and etc. Not confused
orthopneic sitting up and leaning over a table to breathe
osteoporosis Brittle bones. Easily to break the bones
output The amount of fluid lost, or bowel movement
overbed table The table that can adjust up and down and placed over the bed or chair.
oxygen a chemical that is found in the air, that has no color, taste, or smell, and that is necessary for life. STNA cannot turn it off or on or regulate it. You can put the tubing on the residents. No wool blanket, Matches, nail polish remover
pain To ache, hurt or be sore, discomfort
palliative care Care that involves relieving or reducing the intensity of uncomfortable symptoms without producing a cure
paralysis Loss of muscle function, sensation, or both
paranoia A disorder of the mind with false beliefs and suspicion about a person or situation
Parkinson's, Parkinson's Disease a chronic progressive neurological disease chiefly of later life that is linked to decreased dopamine production in the substantia nigra and is marked especially by tremor of resting muscles, rigidity, slowness of movement, impaired balance, and a shuffli
Partial assistance A little or some assistance given to a resident. They can do somethings themselves but need a little help
Partial bath A bath of the face, underarm and perineal care
Passive This term is used with Range of motion. The resident does none of it. You have to move the extremity completely
Pathogen, pathogens A microbe that is harmful and can cause an infection
Patience The ability to wait on people and let the person take their time in doing things
Perineal care Cleaning the genital and anal areas
Personal care care that is relating to a particular person or their belongings
Personal items Items that relate to a particular person. Items close to the person
Personal stress Stress that is personal and close and it involves the person or their family
Phone etiquette How to answer a phone for someone else. or facility. give your name and facility name. and how can your help them.
Physical needs The physical needs of Oxygen, water and food
Physician's authority The authority ( scope of practice) of the physician. They give orders for medicines, therapy, restraints.
plague The harden material formed on the teeth. It can be removed by flossing or dentist
policy book The book that states the policy of the facility and the procedures on how to care out the policy.
Positioning The position of the patient, change every 2 hours. supine, prone, lateral, sem-fowlers
Post mortem Care The care given after someone is deceased, cleaning, dentures and glasses in ziplock bag.
Postural supports Support pillows or wedges that help the patient's body stay in alignment
PPE abbbreivation for Personal Protective Equipment
Pressure Ulcer, pressure ulcers Ulcer caused by pressure on the prominence areas and bones.
Preventing falls Things you can do to prevent falls such as good lightings, non skid shoes, clean spills immediately
preventing injury Things to prevent injury or harm such as safety issues handled, wet floor signs, oxygen in use sign
Privacy freedom from unauthorized intrusion, knock on doors before entering. pull privacy curtain
Professional boundaries That which separates helpful behaviors from behaviors that are not helpful. Know your distance from the resident and what not to do with them.
Progressive This something that continues over time. Chronic diseases are Progressive and they get worse and time moves on.
Projections The act of putting your own feelings and actions on someone else. such as the doctor hates me, when in reality you hate the doctor
Pronation The body is lying face down on the bed. To turn your hand over with palm face down.
Prostate gland The gland on the male body, it can increase in size with age and interfere with the flow of urine
Prosthesis A artificial device to help the body perform better such as: arm, hand, leg and eye.
Pyschological needs Needs that help the mind, socialization, interactions, spirituality, affection and emotional support
Pulse The sound of the heart, lub-dub, lub- dub
Pulse rate The number of heart beats per minute
radial the bone on the thumb side and radial artery in on the thumb side and the pulse is taken in this site
ramps Ramps are used to bring wheelchair up or down. if going down bring the wheelchair backwards
range of motion The movement of a joint to the extent possible without causing pain
rationalization describe something (such as bad behavior) in a way that explains it and makes it seem proper, more attractive, etc. eg. I cannot go to physical therapy because I had a stroke and cannot walk.
reality orientation Things that keep a person oriented to person place and time. such as calendars, name tags and clocks
rectal The area where the bowel movement comes out of the body, temperature can be taken here too. 3 mins with glass thermometer, about 1 inch of the thermometer in the rectum
refusal The patient can state, I do not want lunch, refuse to take the lunch tray.
regulation, reguations an official rule or law that says how something should be done
rehabilitation The process of restoring the person to his or her highest level of physical, psychological, social and economical function
religious service Services that meet the person spiritual beliefs
reminiscence therapy Therapy that allows the person of remembering or telling about past experiences. It helps maintain long term memory
reminiscing the act of remembering or telling about past experiences
reporting The oral or written account of care and observations
reporting abuse Telling a supervisor or agency about a abuse incident
resident belongings Items that belong to the residents. clothing and other things
resident identification The identification of the resident by bracelet, nametag, chart title, verbal asking
resident independence Resident is allowed to be independence in making choices of clothes, food like and dislikes, personal hygiene methods.
resident pictures Pictures of the resident can be used for identification too. It may be placed on outside of resident room, on chart, in care plan book
resident rights Residents have 32 rights. Vote, treated with respect, inform of bill, refuse care, complaining, and etc.
respectful treatment a feeling or understanding that someone or something is important, serious, etc., and should be treated in an appropriate way
respiration, repsirations The process of supplying the cells with oxygen and removing carbon dioxide from them. One respiration = 1inspiration and 1 expiration
respiratory symptoms Symptoms of shortness of breath, congested lungs, running nose, pain in chest. rapid breathing
respiratory system It contains the nose, pharynx, lungs, bronchus, larynx, and aveoli
responding to resident behavior The manner in which the staff act to the resident's behavior
responsiblities A persons is moral, legal, or mental accountability for things. Duties at work you are responsible for.
restorative care Care that keep the person performing the skills learn in rehab therapy. eg. walking 100 feet. eating with cues
restraint A device that limits a person's movement. it can be physical (waist, wrist, trunk restraint). It can be chemical with medications
resuscitation to bring (someone who is unconscious, not breathing, or close to death) back to a conscious or active state again. By giving the person breaths
rights Things you are entitled to. Human rights- rights you are entitled to because you are a human beings. Resident have rights
risk factor risk factor is something that makes a person more likely to get a particular disease or condition
rotation Turning the joint