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Chapter 15

The Biosphere

Biosphere the part of Earth where life exists
Biota the collection of living things that live in the biosphere
Hydrosphere all of Earth's water, ice, and water vapor
Atmosphere the air blanketing Earth's solid and liquid surface
Geosphere the features of Earth's surface-- such as the continents, rocks, and the sea floor
Climate the long-term pattern of weather conditions in a region
Microclimate the climate of a small specific place within a larger area
Canopy the uppermost branches of the trees
Grassland area where the primary plant life is grass
Desert Biome that receives less than 25 cm of precipitation; dry, arid climate
Decidous ______ trees haves adapted to winter temperatures by dropping their leaves, and going dormant during the cold season
Coniferous ______ trees retain their needles all year
Taiga Known as the boreal forest
Tundra located beyond the taiga in far northern latitudes; temperature is below freezing in winter
Chaparral called the Mediterranean shrubland; characterized by its hot, dry summers and cool, moist winters
Intertidal Zone strip of land between the high and low tide lines
Neritic zone extends from the intertidal zone out to the edge of the continental shelf
Bathyal zone extends from the edge of the neritic zone to the base of the continental shelf
Abyssal zone lies below 2000 meters and is in complete darkness
Plankton tiny free-floating organisms that live in the water
Zooplankton another term for animal plankton
Phytoplanton photosynthetic plankton
Coral reef found within the tropical climate zone
Kelp forests exist in cold, nutrient-rich waters
Estuary partially enclosed body of water formed where a river flows in an ocean
Watershed a region of land that drains into a river, a river system, or another body of water
Littoral zone similar to the oceanic intertidal zone, and is located between the high and low water marks along the shoreline
Limnetic zone refers to the open water located farther out from shore
Benthic zone lake or pond bottom, where less sunlight reaches
Created by: tuohybio1415