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Civil Rights Three

Civil Rights Three - pg 162-3, 169, & 170-5

1a. Why is the Civil Rights Act of 1964 so significant in American political history? It increased in public policy seeking to foster racial equality including policies promoting voting rights, access to public accommodations, open housing, and nondiscrimination in many other areas of social and economic life
1b. Who was the President when the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed? Lyndon B. Johnson
1c. What did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 say about racial discrimination/segregation? Made racial discrimination in hotels, motels, and restaurants, etc. illegal and forbid many forms of job description.
1d. How does the above (What did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 say about racial discrimination/segregation) go beyond Brown v. Board? It was not just illegal in schools, but now in other establishments
1e. What did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 ban with regards to employment? Forbade discrimination in employment on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, or gender
1f. What did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 say with regards to federal grants? Provided for withholding federal grants from state and local governments and other institutions that practiced racial discrimination
2. What did the SC decide in Korematsu v. United States? (p. 169) The SC upheld as constitutional the internment of more than 100,000 Americans of Japanese descent in encampments during WWII
3a. What has been the role of the 19th Amendment in the history of women's rights? It gives women the right to vote
3b. What has been the role of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) in the history of women's rights? Motivated them - it stated "equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the US or by any state on account of sex".
4a. Provide two laws the SC struck down due to gender discrimination Laws giving husbands exclusive control over family property, and employers' rules that denied women equal monthly retirement benefits because they live longer than men.
4b. Provide two laws the Court has upheld/allowed despite the same claim A statutory rape law applying only to men and the male-only draft.
5a. What role has the Civil Rights Act of 1964 played in the history of women's rights? It shifted the burden of proof in justifying hiring and promotion practices to employers, who must show that a gender requirement is necessary for the job.
5b. What role has the Title IX of the Education Act of 1972 played in the history of women's rights? Forbids gender discrimination in federally subsidized education programs
5c. What role has the Lily Ledbetter Fair Play Act (see 2009 law Obama signed) played in the history of women's rights? Outlawed "discrimination in compensation" which is broadly defined to include wages and employee benefits. Also makes it easier for workers to win lawsuits claiming pay discrimination based on gender, race, religion, national origin, age, or disability.
Created by: Matti



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