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Civil Rights Two

1. What decision was made by the SC in Scott v. Sandford (Dred Scott)? - include the part about citizenship A black man, slave or free, was "chattel" and had no rights under a white man's government and that Congress had no power to ban slavery in the western territories.
2a. Describe the Jim Crow laws - be complete as to where Segregation laws that regulated African Americans to separate public facilities, separate school systems, and even separate restrooms.
2b. Where in the nation were the Jim Crows used? South as well as North.
2c. In what way did the federal government also segregate? In armed forces, employment, housing programs, and prisons.
2d. What is one way such laws were enforced? KKK
3a. What is the history of Plessy v. Ferguson? Homer Plessy was 7/8 white and refused to leave the white railroad car.
3b. In what way did the Court constitutionally justify upholding the law, despite the existence of the 14th Amendment (in Plessy v. Ferguson)? They ruled that the Louisiana law requiring "equal but separate accommodations for the white and the colored races" was constitutional
3c. What famous phrase emerged from Plessy v. Ferguson? "separate but equal"
4a. Why were elementary and secondary schools in Topeka, Kansas chosen to test segregation in education? Because in Topeka African American schools were fairly equivalent to white schools with regard to the visible signs of educational quality (teacher qualifications, facilities)
4b. What would these schools force the SC to rule on? Forced the SC to rule directly on whether school segregation was inherently unequal and thereby violated the 14th Amendment's requirement states guarantee "equal protection of laws"
5. Who was the chief justice on the Brown v. Board case? Earl Warren
6a. What specifically did the Court decide in the Brown v. Board case? School segregation was inherently unconstitutional. Ended legal segregation
6b. What specific Amendment and particular clause was used in the decision? It violated the 14th Amendment's equal protection clause.
7a. Contrast de jure and de facto segregation De jure is by law, and de facto is in reality. ie. when children are assigned to schools near their homes and those homes are in neighborhoods that are racially segregated for social and economic reasons.
7b. Which (Contrast de jure and de facto segregation) is illegal? de jure
8. Provide 3 specific tactics used in the Civil Rights Movement sit-ins, marches, and civil disobedience
Created by: Matti